Charlotte-Mecklenburg., momentum against de facto segregation
was growing, driven by a network of federal agencies, civil rights litigators, and a burgeoning new bureaucracy of school-integration experts.
de facto segregation
. (43) These cases refer to considerations, in
(75) He wrote a seminar paper that severely criticized the Boston branch of the NAACP; the branch responded by hiring him as executive secretary in May 1963, shortly before the organization raised the de facto segregation
issue with the School Committee.
Smino describes Ferguson's disproportionate sectioning--the majority of black residents live in underserved areas in low-income housing, while white residents live in more comfortable environs on the other side of town--as de facto segregation
Much of what we call de facto segregation
, he argues, is the result of "a century of social engineering on the part of federal, state and local governments that enacted policies to keep African Americans separate and subordinate." The inheritance today is continued racial distrust.
[Charter schools] cease to perpetuate de facto segregation
of the highest performing children from those whose aspirations may be high, but whose talents are not yet as obvious.
Because of de facto segregation
in Texas' public education system, the policy opens university doors to many poor and minority students.
Coleman and his co-authors documented the de facto segregation
found in all parts of the United States, including the South, where the Supreme Court had declared de jure segregation unconstitutional in Brown v.
Doha's Central Municipal Council is set to vote on barring single men from entering malls on at least one day a week, a move that appears to underline Qatar's de facto segregation
and casts a further shadow over its sincerity about labour reform.
Even the prosperous and successful urban Black bourgeoisie viewed their rural relatives with disdain in Panel 53, titled "The Negroes who had been North for quite some time met their fellowmen with disgust and aloofness." Blacks are subjected to social segregation in restaurants in Panel 49, titled "They also found discrimination in the North although it was much different from that which they had known in the South." In the North, Blacks encountered de facto segregation
in housing, employment, and other basics in life.
How Texans overcome lingering prejudice and de facto segregation
in the face of this shifting sense of diversity will be the model for the rest of the country.
The Coates article tapped into what appears to be growing sentiment that reparations are due Africans in America not only for enslavement, but the damages done to our people during the era of de jure and de facto segregation
as well as post segregation.
A majority of French Muslims live in sink estates in de facto segregation
neglected by policymakers because it does not fit the assimilationist ideal.
Despite these judicial judgments, the problem of the color-line remains persistent and evident through de facto segregation
(i.e., segregation by practice).