(25.) See DANIEL CROSBY, ANALYSIS OF DATA LOCALIZATION
might attempt to adopt data localization
laws to convince or coerce ICT
Types of data localization/James Kaplan and Kayvaun Rowshankish, partners with the consulting firm McKinsey & Co., suggest in an article published in the Global Commission on Internet Governance that there are four main categories of data localization
, listed below from most to least stringent:
binding provisions prohibiting data localization
According to reports, the company wants to meet with Roskomnadzor to sort out the data localization
requirement, so it can keep operating in Russia.
"We remain interested in a meeting with Roskomnadzor to discuss their data localization
request," the statement added.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly, data localization
Snowden's revelations and their widespread media coverage brought more awareness to the economic and political interests that are rooted in private intermediaries' infrastructure and encouraged many governments to similarly employ infrastructure to their political ends by proposing data localization
Relatedly, when government access to information turns on the physical location of servers, it increases pressure for data localization
The following sections will move to analyses of the major barriers to digital trade, including straightforward market access barriers, as well as such protectionist policies as data localization
, local content requirements, and discriminatory standards.
Moreover, coupling the main GDPR rules with a "data localization
requirement" or any other "discriminatory privacy laws to similar effect" would decrease the EU-27 GDP by 1.1% (18).
Pressure for such "data localization
" includes keeping digital information in the hands of local companies and not US Internet firms.
For the task itself, data localization
is not needed if the data are exactly local.
With adaptive data localization
, data is optimally allocated by the following three steps:
2: query decomposition, data localization
, global and local optimalization.