While other researchers had previously identified damaging
bacteria and fungi living on the outside of the ancient city's buildings, little was known about bacterial communities in the limestone's labyrinth of pores.
At the same time, strong fluctuations occurred in the power-distribution grid in southern Sweden, damaging
capacitors and power cables.
"Heavy rains and extended flooding in seed beds are going to be very damaging
potentially," says Pokorny.
Yet of all the factors studied, sunlight was the most damaging
to dye color, Wis-Surel says.
Such findings "may lead eventually to medications that reduce the damaging
effects of alcohol in both fetal development and in adults," Charness speculates.
"I don't think anyone would ever take someone with a spinal cord injury and start damaging
their peripheral nerves," he says.