But Marx would only prove right in that he predicted the fall of capitalism by its regression back into the doldrums of czarism
. The danger, however, lies in the State's increasing nationalization of industry, corporate welfare, protectionism and intervention, socialization of the banking industry, progressive income taxation, and facile propheteering--hardly the putative benefices of Marxian socialism.
Fortunately, there is no more czarism
in Russia, and that country is no longer driving its best children into exile.
Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov is rooted in Russian religious music and iconography during czarism
, which cannot displaced by "alien" imagery from a later epoch.
In March 1917, the Jews in the Russian empire welcomed the overthrow of Czarism
as a great victory that ended their suffering and opened a new era of liberation.
It was only at the end of the fifteenth century that czarism
appeared as a political institution.
Not so, says Scialabba; Stalinism was "more like Czarism
plus electricity." The horrors of 20th-century Soviet history will be grasped not by a study of dialectical materialism but only by prolonged learning in Russian history.
, yet no statement of political purpose, communist or otherwise,
Oddly, the post-communist love affair with Czarism
is not included.
Sam is identified with scientific treatment of the natural world, a drive to order, name and create pedagogically rewarding exhibitions, with rule and the tables of the law, and linked with either Darwin or despotic czarism
. Henny is aligned with great, mysterious forces, an esoteric personal space that affords joyous refuge or "a cave of Aladdin" (69), with primal instinct and natural law; she is diversely cast as anarchist, perennial adversary, and hyena.
Russian society, in the twilight of czarism
, viewed its aberrant personalities as reflections of its own imperfections.
The fledgling system of representative government has been canceled by a return to czarism
, the news media have been brought obediently to heel, and among the richest captains of Russian industry and finance quite a few have been forced to depart for London and the French Riviera.
Just as the Bolsheviks once believed that to defeat czarism
one must extirpate Menshevism and the liberal Kadets, so, too, did the conservatives of our time believe that to defeat communism one must extirpate radicalism and the liberal democrats.
Such was the family to which this woman belonged, who gave such a tremendous blow to Czarism
When I outlined his career to Luciani, the Temps correspondent, he observed sourly that Mirsky had pulled off the unusual feat of managing to be a parasite under three regimes--as a prince under Czarism
, as a professor under Capitalism, and as an homme-de-lettres under Communism.
When the Russian Revolution of March 1917 toppled czarism
and ushered in a short-lived democratic regime, the euphoric reaction in England filled Conrad with disgust.