Phimosis and cryptorchidism
are the two most common urological pathologies requiring surgery.
Chromosomal anomalies in cryptorchidism
: a practical review for all community health care providers.
. This presentation accounts for approximately 55% of AMH pathway mutations and 86% of idiopathic cases;
It is well established that cryptorchidism
increases the risk of testicular cancer.
Associated Surgery Follow-up malformation complications time (months) 1 Atrial septal Abdominal 77 defect / hernia Inguinal hernia 2 Inguinal hernia 72 3 Cryptorchidism
70 4 Atrial septal 66 defect / Cryptorchidism
5 Hypospadias / 57 cryptorchidism
6 Abdominal 46 hernia 7 Atrial septal 37 defect 8 Inguinal hernia 32 9 26 10 Atrial septal 18 defect 11 Cryptorchidism
16 12 Hypospadias / 10 Inguinal hernia
has been shown by epidemiologic studies to increase the incidence of some forms of primary testicular neoplasia in men and dogs, the influence of cryptorchidism
on the development testicular neoplasia of horses has not been established definitively.
The next query was on cryptorchidism
problem and when to operate.
The researchers found that the risk of having hypogonadism was increased 12-fold for men with low sperm count (<39 million/ejaculate) (odds ratio, 12.2), with the highest risk for men with total sperm count <10 million, genetic causes, history of cryptorchidism
, and idiopathic forms.
Maternal use of acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and acetylsalicylic acid during pregnancy and risk of cryptorchidism
. Epidemiology 21(6):779-785, PMID: 20805751, https://doi.org/10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181f20bed.
However when all congenital anomalies are considered like cryptorchidism
and hypospadias the incidence is much higher i.e.
That research focused on a link between prenatal exposure to acetaminophen and a condition known as cryptorchidism
, or the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum, in both animal models and humans.
or undescended testes is the most common disorder of the male endocrine glands in children.