Grade FEPi, % uPCR, mg/mmol Low < 10 < 15 Intermediate 10-20 15-50 High > 20 > 50 FEPi: fractional excretion of phosphate; uPCR: urinary protein creatinine ratio
. Table 2: Categories of parameters used in the study.
The first is that a single urine albumin creatinine ratio
result was used in this analysis which may be misleading in categorization of albuminuria and CKD stages.
Diagnosis of urinothorax requires high degree of clinical suspicion and can be established by biochemical analysis of pleural fluid, which is mostly consistent with a transudate, low pH (<7.40), and creatinine concentrations higher than those found in simultaneously obtained serum samples (pleural fluid/serum creatinine ratio
In this study, there were significantly raised (p<0.05) spot urinary protein (albumin) and urine protein creatinine ratio
(UPC) among preeclamptic patients when compared with the normotensive control volunteers.
Kusnierz-Cabala, "Usefulness of measuring urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and calculating NGAL to creatinine ratio
as early markers of kidney dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes," Diagnostyka Laboratoryjna, vol.
Microalbuminuria was measured by albumin to creatinine ratio
(ACR) in random urine sample.
Random protein creatinine ratio
[greater than or equal to] 30 mg/mmol.
The duration of treatment had a statistically significant influence on the NGAL to creatinine ratio
in the urine sample collected before the administration of the drug.
The patient continued to show proteinuria with 1.95 g/L and a proteinuria to creatinine ratio
of 3138 mg/g.
Calcium to creatinine ratio
in a spot sample of urine for early prediction of pre-eclampsia.
Group A, patients with estimated GFR [greater than or equal to] 60 mL x [min.sup.-1] x [(1.73 [m.sup.2]).sup.-1] with or without proteinuria (albumin/ creatinine ratio
[greater than or equal to] 30 mg/mmol); group B, nondiabetic patients with estimated GFR 15/59 mL x [min.sup.-1] x [(1.73 [m.sup.2]).sup.-1] without proteinuria (albumin/creatinine ratio <30 mg/mmol); group C, nondiabetic patients with estimated GFR 15/59 mL x [min.sup.-1] x [(1.73 [m.sup.2]).sup.-1] and proteinuria (albumin/creatinine ratio [greater than or equal to]30 mg/mmol); and group D, diabetic patients with estimated GFR 15/59 mL x [min.sup.-1] x [(1.73 [m.sup.2]).sup.-1] and proteinuria (albumin/creatinine ratio [greater than or equal to] 30 mg/mmol).
Among the comparator tests, which were conducted using stored urine samples to strengthen the final diagnosis, were the laboratory "gold standard" CRD nitrocellulose test, as well as Protein/ Creatinine ratio
, and urine and serum placental growth factor (PlGF), sFlt-1, and urine sFlt-1/PlGF (uFP) ratio.
The questions relate to topics like acid-base disturbances, sodium concentration disorders, the utility of urine anion and osmolal gaps, the use of bicarbonate to treat metabolic acidosis, the use phosphorus binders to treat hyperphosphatemia, the interpretation of changes in plasma creatinine, the urine-to-plasma creatinine ratio
, acute renal failure vs.
Steroid metabolism was assessed after injection of ACTH at weeks 4 and 8, in addition to calcium metabolism evaluation using serum calcium, 24 hour urinary calcium excretion, and urine calcium: creatinine ratio
The trial met its primary endpoint by indicating that treatment with 5mg of CCX140 provided orally once daily added to a standard of care regimen of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor II blocker treatment resulted in a statistically significant (p=0.0148) reduction in urinary albumin creatinine ratio
beyond that achieved with standard of care regimen alone.