A wide variety of imaging modalities were used in past for image evaluation of the cranial nerves
. Pneumocephalography was the first cross-sectional imaging study used to demonstrate cranial nerves
It's all in the mime: Actions speak louder than words when teaching the cranial nerves
Direct perineural spread of VZV via anastomotic pathways or vasculitic involvement can cause multiple cranial nerve
palsies during VZV reactivation (3).
Further, case reports and series have noted higher rates of cranial neuropathy, such as facial palsy and paresthesia, among GBS patients with evidence of Zika virus infection, suggesting that the cranial nerves
may be targeted by either virus or antibody (3,6-9).
They observed that the presence of cranial nerve
palsies was the most important neurological predictor favouring TBM over ABM (OR = 1.980, CI 95%: 1.161-3.376) .
 suggested that traction on the vagus nerve secondary to intracranial hypotension was the cause for development of cranial nerve
Out of the 40 patients, 15 patients had isolated unilateral 3rd cranial nerve
According to the clinical symptoms and existing MR findings, the case was accepted as lymphomatous involvement of cranial nerves
in the MCL.
(1-4, 12) The contents of the PPS includes fat, vascular structures, small branches of the fifth cranial nerve
, lymph nodes and ectopic rests of minor salivary gland tissue (1) (Figure 6A).
Cranial neuritis most commonly involves the seventh cranial nerve
but can also involve cranial nerves
involved in extraocular eye movements, hearing, and sensation of the face .
Moebius Syndrome is a rare disease characterized by permanent facial paralysis caused by decreased or absent formation of VI (abducens) and VII (facial) cranial nerve
. In 1888, the ophthalmologist P.
With further brainstem compression, contralateral long tract signs, severe gait disturbance, lower cranial nerve
palsies, and signs of intracranial hypertension appear.
A neurologic examination detected no focal or cranial nerve
deficits, which led us to rule out acute stroke.
Hyperglycemia and the eventual ischemic occurrence stemming from diabetic macroangiopathic changes have been postulated as the most common causes of the cranial nerve
palsies especially the oculomotor nerve .
To the Editor: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection can lead to zoster or cranial nerve
palsy such as Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS), or complications of central nervous system (CNS) such as myelitis, cerebellitis, encephalitis, and stroke syndrome.[sup], However, the coexistence of RHS and VZV brainstem encephalitis is extremely rare to our knowledge.