(One of the most obvious places to start, in reconsidering some prior intention, is to look beyond the boundaries it establishes, by considering the advantages and disadvantages of the courses of action which sticking with that intention would preclude.) It follows that, in order to explain the fact that an agent's deliberative attention is constrained by some boundary established by her prior intention, we need to explain the stability of that intention.
If, at every moment, facing an unsurveyably large range of possible courses of action, we had to ask ourselves a question no more limited than "what is the best thing that I could do right now?"--starting, as it were, from scratch each time--our deliberation would never get far.
Typically, three to eight courses of action provide an adequate base to work with.
The first part of the analysis is to gather all pertinent information about the possible courses of action. Information can come from proposals, bids, personal observations, Web pages, referrals, investigations, or other sources.
However, because the decider need not be the same person as the one who formulates the course of action, the decision-making process can be a cooperative affair with persons from all parts of the globe offering different courses of action
to each other.
Two officers evaluate the information provided to them, make decisions about the situation and courses of action
, and issue commands to implement these courses of action
Through the planning process, managers define problematic relationships within and outside the organization and determine possible courses of action
to cope with those relationships.
For the purpose of analyzing courses of action
, the technical/architecture workgroup analyzed what additional development was necessary for JTCW and FBCB2 to meet both Services' ORDs and must-haves.
It isn't enough anymore to think outside the box--you have to back it up with winning strategies and specific courses of action
. This year's Black Enterprise/General Motors Entrepreneurs Conference, held May 12-16, 2004, at the Wyndham Anatole Hotel in Dallas, will explore effective ways to think outside the box and strategies to take your business to the next level and beyond.
Planning provides viable courses of action
when organizations encounter specific circumstances, known as contingencies, which may occur at any time.
The fifth item is perhaps the most difficult because any decision maker always has several possible courses of action
, each of which has a value in achievement of the objective.
Also, the underlying and paralleling strategies of asset redeployment, cost reduction/margin enhancement, and growth are the courses of action
they take to close the gap between current and perceived value.
Retooling a process, restarting a program, pursuing a demonstrably superior idea may indeed involve abandoning previous investment, but such courses of action
also prevent throwing good money after gone money.
--Scenarios and counterfactual analysis: Using the people and situations from the story as a basis, `what-if' situations and alternative courses of action
could be explored.
Highlights of Interim Guidance 63-101 include: incorporation of the new pre-Milestone A concept from DoD 5000 to include Concept Refinement and Technology Development Strategy; introduction to Courses of Actions
(COAs); the Expectation Management Agreement; and emphasis on Evolutionary Acquisition and Spiral Development, the preferred DoD and AF acquisition processes.