, and the structure of political opportunity.
As social movements develop, government officials and others react, and countermovements
While Guthman's (2007) conclusions about the limited protective potential of neoliberal policy instruments are persuasive enough, I here wish to question the proposed contrast between 'false' countermovements
and an allegedly 'true' form of social protection derived from Polanyi's analysis in The Great Transformation (TGT).
to mount a wholesale corporate countermovement
against the instabilities and insecurities of industrial capitalism" (p.
The relative power of competing movements and countermovements
will play a major role in determining the norms adopted by states, and more importantly, how those norms are implemented in fact.
Another unique feature of this movement was the absence of any considerable countermovements
, which could be explained by the fact that that the ulama remained, by and large, united in their support of the opposition.
Yet, echoing Chambers, she documents that these countermovements
are not strong enough working independently.
The bulk of the book is given over to three essays--on debt, prisons, and workfare--each of which explores a constitutive strand of this wider process of neoliberal class restructuring, and each culminating in a (selective, but suggestive) discussion of the ascendancy of potentially transformative political countermovements
. The chapter on debt conjoins the rise of Greenspan-era trickle up political economy, during which time the Dow Jones rose to inordinate prominence as the very "index of human reason," (5) with the proliferation of sweatshop economies and the structural expansion of contingent work.
Bill is a key figure in this transcontinental narrative: His airless interpretation of Mondrian exerted a significant influence in South America in the '50s (thanks partly to his inclusion in the 1951 Sao Paulo biennial), as well as in Europe, spawning an array of movements and countermovements
In Polanyi's language, these "disruptive strains" fostered "countermovements
" or defensive reactions intent on saving society from the destructive effects of unfettered market competition.
The director helps the directee to note and interpret the significant movements, countermovements
, and changes in his or her inner daily experiences.
He begins by identifying the key resources that apostates bring to countermovements
, that being direct, personal experience with putative evil.
Abstract The interaction between social movements and countermovements
is a key aspect of resource mobilization theory, yet researchers have devoted comparatively little study to it.
As noted, Tatalovich's historical description of these movements and the countermovements
of opposition is richly detailed and contains a wealth of information based upon his laborious research.
In "The Fin de Siecle" Niels Ingwersen explains how "modern and modernistic literature questioned humanistic norms--any absolute value system." "Humanism" is explained in context and thereby understood, although the reader wonders why countermovements
such as women's literature or working-class texts are not allowed to be "humanistic" as well.