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  • noun

Synonyms for countercurrent

a stretch of turbulent water in a river or the sea caused by one current flowing into or across another current

actions counter to the main group activity


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References in periodicals archive ?
Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the extraction of dihydromyricetin from Ampelopsis grossedentata leaves using dynamic microwave assisted multi-stage countercurrent extraction.
Under postulated accident conditions such as loss-of-coolant accidents (LOCAs) in pressurized water reactors (PWRs), steam and condensate water form countercurrent flows in a hot leg (consisting of a horizontal pipe, a 50-deg vertical elbow, and a short inclined pipe) and a pressurizer surge line (consisting of a slightly inclined pipe with elbows, a vertical elbow, and a vertical pipe), and flooding may occur.
Huang, "Separation of alkaloids from herbs using high-speed countercurrent chromatography," Journal of Separation Science, vol.
Researches have shown that cetaceans in running-water environments prefer countercurrent pools, where they find refuge from downstream currents and where much of the biological productivity is concentrated (Smith and Reeves, 2012).
These representations stressed beauty but also authority and intellect thanks to, as the authors propose, "a previously unrecognized countercurrent of philogyny in the otherwise misogynistic Renaissance" (p.
ACT/Wiggert HPGM 4500 planetary countercurrent pan mixer and 600 tons of heated aggregate storage.
The new resin bead uses the capabilities of ChromaTan's Continuous Countercurrent Tangential Chromatography (CCTC) system, which is the first resin-based, column-free chromatography system, will provide up to 15x increases in productivity for Protein A capture, intermediate and polishing steps.
* Rotary dryer: Water is removed in a high-throughput, rotating drum with strategically positioned flights to lift and shower the product evenly through the heated airstream, which enters the drum countercurrent to the continuously flowing product stream.
Preferential inward transport would have been with the Olympic Peninsula Countercurrent that forms along the U.S.
In fact, McCaffrey and Quintiere [24] studied buoyancy driven countercurrent flows generated by a fire source and found that the general nature of the flow is not dependent on scale.
Therefore, as part of our continuing search for new AR inhibitors and antioxidants from natural products, we were to investigate the antioxidant and AR inhibitory effects of the dried stem bark of MA and isolate its active components using high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography guided by an offline HPLCABTS assay and HPLC microfractionation AR assay.
According to the heat and mass exchange model of the countercurrent packed tower, the outlet parameters of solution and flue gas can be predicted by numerical simulation.
The current every year is different so some years it might not pay to sail offshore, but rather stay inshore as there might be a countercurrent inshore.
Thus the current diverges near the US/Mexico border, splitting into the Southern California Countercurrent (strengthened by the underlying Rodriguez current) that flows east and then north to border the mainland coastline and run the length of the Southern California Bight, and a southerly branch, that parallels the Baja coastline.