cottier

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Synonyms for cottier

a medieval English villein

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References in periodicals archive ?
British cotton manufacturing required power, first in the form of water and then coal, and labour provided by enclosure (and a new round of reinforcing and extending enclosure in the 1840s), changes to the poor laws and increasingly by Irish poverty and the removal of Irish cottiers from the land.
Both the cottier woman and cow had to go work on a farm.
Marx argued that 'the cottiers, serfs, bondsmen, tenants for life, cottagers etc.'--people who had traditionally had use of feudal land in return for the provision of goods and services to landowners--found that their traditional claims to the use of parts of the land were extinguished, and all (feudal) rights over land which had previously been held by peasants and the feudal overlords were transferred (privatised) into the hands of those who possessed the land.
Barry O'Neill was another to record a double, teaming up with his boss Colin Bowe in the opening five-year-old geldings' maiden with once-raced Cottiers Den.
The cottiers Midway and USS Enterprise (CVN 65) sailed into the South China Sea to cover the evacuation, joining the carriers Coral Sea and USS Hancock (CVA 19).
Just as arable cultivation provided before the 1840s meagre wages to labourers and cottiers who grew the essential root crop--potatoes--in heavy cropping rotations, and provided the cheap labour that made a highly productive arable system possible, the livestock system as it stood in the 1840s was not equitable.
The hypocritical Miller (the English who continued to export foodstuffs), makes demands on poor Hans (starving Irish cottiers and laborers) but refuses to aid him in his distress, arguing that it is better to leave people in trouble alone.
Between the end of the American Revolution and the beginning of the Great Famine, at least one quarter-million and probably closer to one half-million Protestants--principally small farmers, cottiers, and weavers, and disproportionately Presbyterians--left an Ulster which, near its demographic height in 1831, contained fewer than I.I million Protestants.
Mystery of the weekWHICH senior newspaper chief, impressed by the current work of a former employee in the Gulf, demanded to know of his newsdesk: "Why did we let him go again?" Much shuffling of feet and mumblings into coffee cups was to follow.Right on the MarkCOMEDIAN Mark Thomas was in Scotland for three fantastic nights at the splendid Cottiers Theatre in Glasgow this week and showed he was a true man of
The effects of this second devotional revolution were obscured by the presence of the enormous underclass of cottiers and laborers, who did not share the interests or the values of the strong farmers, until that underclass was eliminated by the Famine and its aftermath.
A clerisy, after all, does not spring forth fully formed when individuals are suddenly exposed to the same social and economic stimuli, even if, as in this case, these stimuli took the form of Irish cottiers dying by the score on one's doorstep and Fenians committing the most appalling outrages.
The 1841 Census reported that the Irish rural working class dependent on the potato -- composed of small cottiers, landless labourers, sub-tenants, and the unemployed -- amounted to 77 per cent of the population, more than 6 million people.
The hardest hit were inevitably the rural poor, the landless laborers, cottiers, and small farmers: the number of landless laborers was to fall by over a quarter and of small farmers by nearly half in the course of the Famine.
Tiny show at Cottiers ahead of much bigger dates to come.