Although this book is overwhelmingly about Berlinghieri and Florence, their relationship with their intellectual past and diplomatic connections to the present Ottoman court, much that Roberts writes holds true for the geographies and cosmographies
which were produced in the following century, both in Italy and north of the Alps.
of Pedro de Medina." in Homenaje a Rodriguez-Monino.
As such, they resembled other omphalos- (or navel) centered cosmographies
, such as ancient Greek and Chinese.
But important atlases and cosmographies
were on sale at Sotherby's earlier in the week and some of them were completely magnificent, bearing witness to the changing shape of the world and the charting of the oceans during the Renaissance and the centuries which followed.
The hoary question of how far Shakespeare's 'world-view' reflects the 'new' geography (scientific and surveyed) as opposed to the older cosmographies
of the medieval mappaemundi (symbolic and centred on Jerusalem) is shown to rest on a radical oversimplification of the dialectic of geographical understanding in this period.
By "early" is meant the 9th to the 14th centuries A.D., when this literature flourished by way of treatises, cosmographies
Even more confused is her extended discussion of various eight-, nine-, and ten-sphere cosmographies
in Arabic and Latin, in which she fails to take into consideration the conflicts over the precession of the equinoxes and the notorious "trepidation" theory which lie behind these variants.
What came from beyond known borders, from new hemispheres fathomed from cosmographies
, or within the landscapes of everyday life comprised a scientific object.
Marie-Madeleine Fontaine has carefully glossed the rare extant copies and enriched the text with over 1,000 pages of commentary drawn from original sources in Aneau's Lyons, and in sources that pertain to alchemy, herbaria, anatomies, political tracts, and cosmographies