2) the attitude of the cosmographer
, who is interested not in the underlying order of phenomena, but in the phenomena themselves, which he wishes to know integrally from an "affective" drive.
(28) The knowledge Don Quijote displays here was foundational for the cosmographers
responsible for mapping the oceans that divided, and united, Spanish empire, and was being imposed--through compulsory lectures and licensing exams--upon the pilots responsible for safely navigating them.
Alongside the study of coins and inscriptions and the reading of Greek and Roman cosmographers
, Morales's methodological discourse advised his readers to consult the legends of the saints and the oral testimony of local peasants.
The writer Alberti is compared by several contributors with Paolo Giovio (Prosperi and Minonzio) and Biondo (Riccardo Fubini, Giancarlo Petrella), and other cosmographers
; and they show many influences on him (especially editor Donattini's well-written article).
For observers of the heavens, i.e., astronomers, astrologers, and cosmographers
, of Western antiquity to the Renanissance, the "reality" of the heavens was, if nothing else, assumed to consist in the celestial spheres.
By tracing this obsession, Mancall is able to shed considerable light on the emergence of the Atlantic world, the strides made by early-modern geographers and cosmographers
, and the vibrant, international community of scholars to which Hakluyt was so central.
71) have real geographical locations, literally mapped by the work of early modern cosmographers
, but the locations of romance none the less marshall them for a fantasized world that reveals more about the relations between the different knowledges of poetry and science than can be subsumed within a generalized notion of cultural or gendered identity.
Her last book was Cosmographers
and Pilots of the Spanish Maritime Empire (1995).
We are also reminded that navigation in the sixteenth century was more art than science, and experienced pilots frequently challenged the published charts and manuals put out by Seville's famous royal cosmographers
. A poignant end to the book is a sampling of sailors' prayers, to such patrons as St Elmo, reminder of an era of long-distance transport steeped in religiosity.
The subject also attracted numerous cosmographers
, geographers, encyclopedists and writers of belle letters (adab).
He describes himself stretched out, Whilst my Physitians by their love are growne Cosmographers
, and I their Mapp, who lie Flat on this bed, that by them may be showne That this is my South-west discoverie Per fretrum febris, by these streights to die (11.6-10).
What distinguishes Oliveira's work from cosmographers
such as the famous Pedro Nunes is that he claimed actual maritime experience, whereas the theorists, 'sleeping tortoises', could not.
Humanism drew on the experience; but scholars, geographers, and cosmographers
culled little from a literature they undoubtedly considered with disdain.
Similarly, in "Hymn to God my God, in my Sickness," where Donne's "physicians by their love are grown / Cosmographers
" and the poet is the globe that they study (having become "their map, who lie / Flat on this bed" [6-8]), the experience of being imposed upon - as a globe is when, after being compressed into two dimensions, the lines drawn upon it turn it into a map - sets up a situation conducive to salvation: "As west and east / In all flat maps (and I am one) are one, / So death doth touch the resurrection" (13-15).