The wild forest spirits are an ontologically different mode of being; they came into being in the primordial cosmogonic
creation as did the humans, but they were neither born nor did they ever die.
In a greatly clarifying essay about the cosmo-ontological structure of Central Australian societies, originally outlined by the Strehlows and Munn, Morton (1987:108) has written about the cosmogonic
power of language (naming in song): It seems as if one "cuts" a name in much the same way as one "cuts" a tooth, by having it "break out" from the body, or by "throwing" it away from oneself.
The most familiar linkage of ideas of course appears in the opening lines of the Enuma Elish (EE), which designate the time before cosmogony as a time "when yet no gods were manifest, / nor names pronounced, nor destinies decreed" (Dalley 1989: 233); (17) the cosmogonic
work that fills the last two tablets of the poem also directly confirms their association.
Simultaneously, he is also echoing an image of the primordial cosmogonic
child (son) identity of the primal cosmic man, the universal procreator (see Mimica 1981, 1988, 1991).
See Charpin 1987: 34-38 on the Akkadian equivalent to para tarnamur (anduraru), which also means "returning to a former state," rather than simply "making free." It is on this definition that Masson (2002) relies for her cosmogonic
interpretation of the Song of Release.
Within these articulations, to partially echo Mopsik's work on the Jewish tradition, kale itself may be thought of as a 'body of passage': 'Like the eye of the needle, it allows the thread' of cosmogonic
becoming 'to move through time and weave its fabric' (1989:61).
Thus, while her name might change from Purana to Purana, her function as a "tripartite cosmogonic
agent" does not.
It is in these 'big' dances that the men are referred to as ancestral beings' (wangarrwangarr) and by embodying their power, claim knowledge of the countries with which these cosmogonic
events are associated.
This may be discerned from the Guodian text named by the editors "Taiyi sheng shui," which presents a surprisingly neat cosmogonic
He reads them as cosmogonic
chants, with the structure 'x copulated with y: there issued forth z', thus resembling other creation chants such as the Hawai'ian Kumulipo.
Here, vrata (a crystallization of authority) and dharman (lit., 'that which is established or upheld') are complementary manifestations of the gods' authority: their paradigmatic acts created the habitable world for mankind; the moral aspect of their rule--a corollary to the cosmogonic
aspect- determines the proper and harmonious organization of society.
In 1983 John Z'Graggen published an article on topics in New Guinea legends (Asian Folklore Studies 1983), and he argued that the two most common themes were cosmogonic
myths and legends about the creation of new life or fresh conditions by some death or act of deceiving.
Further evidence for the essential reliability of Ibn al-Nadim's testimony regarding the Manichaean version of Genesis 2-4 is available in a series of Manichaean cosmogonic
fragments extant in Middle Persian, also recovered from Turfan earlier in this century, which were published by W.
I then present a case study of a postmortem initiation, and argue that the male initiation rituals should be seen in cosmogonic
and cosmological terms as 'being-towards-being' oriented (my words).
Scholars have often presented it as an admirable and original precursor of later religious thought,(1) and indeed, the influence of the hymn is apparent in cosmogonic
discourse from both the early and later Indian tradition.