Negatively affected by the turmoil in Libya and Tunisia's limitations on the cross-border trade around Ben Gardane, (i) R'baya' contrabandists
and traffickers found in the lure of violent extremism the opportunity to chip away at both the authority of the government and the town's established tribe of Twazine.
Rupert 2012, 173) Rupert does this when writing about the complications involved when contrabandists
traded in enslaved Black people and mules.
Both Ferrand and these contrabandists
devised their own solutions to navigate the tensions between the force of enslavement and the law of "slavery"--a tension that had existed in the French world since at least the promulgation of the Code Noir.
Rum Row," for example, located off the Northeast coast beyond the three-mile limit, enabled contrabandists
to ferry hooch by the boatload to New York for illegal tippling in speakeasies and private clubs.
Islamic fundamentalist militias and contrabandists
are sending tons of ground to air missiles, machine guns and automatic rifles seized from Gadhafi's arms depots to Egypt, Syria, Somalia, Sudan and all points east, west, south and north.
Authorities are looking for him because of various criminal acts but they assess that he and those like him are contrabandists
and are not a threat to the country's security.