This eucharistic reality, this new reality on whose existence all agree, can be "explained" either by concepts of "change" (the background for what, in the West, came to be called transubstantiation) or by concepts of "addition" (the background for what, later, came to be called consubstantiation
Use of this genre of rhetorics, I argue, gives voice to the suffering that is common to humankind; it is this rhetorical strategy that allows Black religious leaders to achieve consubstantiation
with their audiences.
Peter's Church in Chicago and asked people, "Now do you go here instead of the Lutheran church because you believe in transubstantiation rather than consubstantiation
?" people wouldn't know what I was talking about.
means that cosmological spirit is shared across individuals (African Psychology Institute, 1982; Azibo, 1996b).
On the Eucharist, they were in agreement in rejecting transubstantiation, but their views ranged whole spectrum from consubstantiation
to bare memorial; many (including Wycliffe himself) affirmed the Real Presence of Christ while others denied it.
Lutherans explained that "consubstantiation
" occurred: Christ's real body and blood were present even though the bread and wine looked unchanged, because, as divine, Christ's body and blood become "ubiquitous" and everywhere present.
In the Lutheran tradition, the technical term for understanding how God shows up in communion is consubstantiation
. Christ is present in the elements in a mysterious physical way.
Reformed Protestantism was distinguished not only by its rejection of both transubstantiation and consubstantiation
(the Roman and Lutheran interpretations of Christ's words "This is my body") but also by its emphasis on church-based social reform and its casting of the civil polity as a Corpus Christianum.
In terms of overall concern and general perspective, it appears that the leaders of the popular religious community showed minimal interest in Christ's relationship with the bread and wine or how Christ was present in the material elements (that is, transubstantiation, consubstantiation
through partisan appeals can be seen in the examples of Henry George and Jacob Riis.
Andrewes preached conformism by criticizing strict predestination, by emphasizing the liturgical year, by regularly celebrating the eucharist, and by indicating that consubstantiation
embodies the Real Presence.
Four centuries ago in England, people died over such things as the issue of "transubstantiation" versus "consubstantiation
" - whether Christ's body is present physically or only spiritually in the holy communion.
The corporeality of this ancient vice, moreover, recalls the Protestant rankling over the doctrine of transubstantiation or consubstantiation
, whether, as in the former, the accidentals of bread and wine remain, but the substance is utterly transformed to the body and blood; or the latter, where the substances of bread and wine exist, simultaneously, with the essence of the sacred body and blood, as Lollards and later, Luther, averred.