confounded


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Idioms.
Graphic Thesaurus  🔍
Display ON
Animation ON
Legend
Synonym
Antonym
Related
  • adj

Synonyms for confounded

Synonyms for confounded

perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements

References in periodicals archive ?
IVs should be accompanied by a bias analysis, so that readers can judge if the IV outcome relationship appears to be less confounded than the exposure-outcome relationship.
Brains Confounded is unarguably the weightier of the two, comprising nearly 1,000 pages worth of raucous and digressive discourse.
However, [X.sub.2]-Y is still confounded due to coexposure by [X.sub.1] via the pathway [X.sub.2] [lest arrow] U [right arrow] [X.sub.1] [right arrow] Y.
Welsh Secretary Peter Hain, who led Labour's campaign in Wales, said: "Labour's result in Wales has exceeded expectations and confounded our critics and opponents.
A set of sufficient combinatorial conditions have been considered by Nair and Rao (1941), which lead to the construction of confounded designs of the general asymmetrical factorial experiments.
In her meditation on vulnerability and the public choice between grief-work and violence, Judith Butler concludes: "For if I am confounded by you, then you are already by me, and I am nowhere without you." (1) Perhaps she had in mind the etymological implication that to be found together, is always already a puzzle.
The latter supernovas originate in regions that contain little dust, so the data aren't confounded by dust's dimming effects.
As such, a crucially important implication is that in studying connections between various aspects of implementation and the effectiveness of programs, we need to be alert to factors that may be confounded with differences in implementation.
But we admit that we're a little confounded with this usage.
Throughout his career, Artschwager has confounded categorical limits and plotted his own trajectory, all the while making the visual comprehension of space--and the everyday objects that occupy it--strangely unfamiliar.
Given the strengths of their study-notably, the use of two analytic approaches, including one designed to "circumvent unmeasured confounding and reduce its impact"-the researchers contend that "epidemiologic studies of condom effectiveness are probably confounded by unmeasured differences between users and nonusers." Moreover, they conclude that "the likely result of such confounding is underestimation of the effectiveness of condoms."
Kevin and I were confounded by and grateful for the hospitality and generosity shown to us, two strangers who wandered into town.
The spatial association was not confounded by age group, nor did the strength of association differ significantly by age group.
The empirical validation was confounded by several factors including student age and academic level, quantity and quality of tutor guidance, gender (the participants were all female--who are recognised [8] as preferring cooperative over collaborative learning in a group), and culture (the students were all Japanese, using English-as-a Foreign-Language).