249 days after SEMS insertion, percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography showed stent fracture located at the stricture position, from partial, filamentous connective to complete fracture
, without the distal part of the stent (arrow).
With consideration of stress concentration and the crack propagation until the complete fracture
, interlocking effects at grooves get worse in the GR-20 than the GR-30.
AFF, which is a rare disorder, should be kept in mind in patients on long-term BP treatment who are admitted with thigh pain and, necessary interventions should be tailored before the occurrence of complete fracture
Incomplete fractures, if not treated timely result in complications like complete fracture
following repeated injuries, frontal sinusitis or even horn cancer may ensue.
There was a simple and complete fracture
in the ventral region of the body of T8.
Any patients with a previous history of (1) any ipsilateral femoral fracture (irrespective of the site of previous fracture), (2) periprosthetic fractures, (3) bilateral femoral shaft complete fracture
with angular deformity, (4) subtrochanteric fractures, (5) pathologic fractures, or (6) comorbidities such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic glucocorticoid exposure within 1 year (more than 5mg/day), and other disorders requiring proton pump inhibitors or aromatase inhibitors within 1 year were excluded from this study.
healing was achieved in 19 cases (95%).
The X-ray showed that it was a complete fracture
with quite a bit of space between the two halves of the bone that broke.
(2) A subset of stress fractures, subject to high tensile forces and limited vascularity, are prone to delayed healing and are at risk for complete fracture
, delayed, or nonunion, and require a more aggressive treatment approach.
Another mechanism is repetitive trauma causing vascular disruption, microfractures, and ultimately a complete fracture
The load was finally carried by the neighboring normal trabeculae, instead of the trabeculae that experienced localized permanent failure, until the complete fracture
of the trabecular bone structure (E).
Therefore, to avoid progression to complete fracture
and displacement requiring secondary surgical stabilization, we used a proximal femoral nail for prophylactic fixation of the incomplete subtrochanteric femur fracture.
This problem can lead to complete fracture
, allowing the wheel to separate from the axle shaft.
The patient made an uneventful recovery with complete fracture
Kirschner wire migration did not prove a serious complication because it occurred after complete fracture
union and was not associated with secondary fragment displacement.