company union

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  • noun

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a union of workers for a single company

References in periodicals archive ?
More importantly, though, the results reveal that, for average levels of mechanization, the company union association with injuries is negative and significant.
At the bottom of Table 3 we replicate the nonparametric analysis of industry rankings on the two criteria "company union concentration" and "cooperative shopfloor outcomes" for the sample of industries with data on company union concentration and productivity and injury rate trends for the late 1920s.
Row (1) of Table 4 presents the results of a simple regression of total factor productivity growth during the 1920s on the company union index in 1924.
Arguably, the biggest cost associated with maintaining a company union was the lost labor productivity involved in meetings.
Students of the company union movement are almost unanimous in arguing that wages were seldom an issue open to influence by company unions during this period.
union is the (average) number of company unions in an industry (for 1922 and 1924) divided by the number of establishments in that industry in 1923 multiplied by 100; horsepower/worker is the percentage change in horsepower (measured capacity of prime movers and motors) per wage earner by industry from 1923 to 1925 multiplied by 2 (data for 1921 were not available); company union rank is the ranking from 1 to 8 (1 being the highest) on the co.
The company union concentration index was created using National Industrial Conference Board data on the number of establishments with company unions across industries in 1924 (The Growth of Works Councils in the United States [New York, 1925], p.
3 More nuanced treatments of company unions can be found in David Brody, Workers in Industrial America: Essays on the Twentieth Century Struggle (New York, 1980) and Daniel Nelson, "The Company Union Movement, 1900-1937: A Reexamination," Business History Review 61 (Autumn 1982): 335-57.
1926), 29; Nelson, "The Company Union Movement," 338, 344.
The coefficient on the company union index for this analysis is positive and significant in the early 1920s and positive but insignificant and smaller in size in the late 1920s.
If the rate of change in mechanization had been 19 percent during the period 1921-25, a 1 percent increase in company union concentration in an industry would have been associated with a 10 percent decrease in the injury rate.
This paper offers a reexamination and reinterpretation of the emergence of company unions in the United States during the early 20th century.
By the mid-1920s, many of the large manufacturing firms had established worker voice mechanisms in the form of company unions.
Company unions ultimately benefitted both labor and management on the shopfloor, while at the same time serving to prevent the distributional losses employers would have suffered had independent unions been successfully organized.
The third section describes the role of company unions in labor-management relations, and provides suggestive evidence that this voice mechanism enhanced both labor productivity and shopfloor safety.