The three phases used in SOS, the mutualism phase, the commensalism
phase, and the parasitism phase, are described as follows:
CLS is only applied to the best organism ([x.sub.best]) as achieved after the commensalism
phase of the reduced SOS optimizer.
Genome sequence of Symbio-bacterium thermophilum, an uncultivable bacterium that depends on microbial commensalism
. Nucleic Acids Res.
Another example, and this may be a line of thinking that only resonates with parasitologists: The form of parasitism that doesn't fall into the categories of commensalism
or mutualism is one in which one species benefits at the disadvantage of the other species.
On the other hand, the interaction could be a net mutualism (or at least commensalism
) if contribution is greater than exploitation.
As an historical and ethnographic testament and the main archaeological vestige --especially in relation to funerary practices these clay artefacts, through their technological particularities and their place in the material culture, provide insight into different settlement modes, daily lives linked to political and territorial dynamics, and a range of other practices associated with rituals, commensalism
and etiquette practiced under shared aesthetic choices and visual identities.
New species of the genus Careproctus (Liparidae) from the Kara Sea with notes on spongiophilia, reproductive commensalism
between fishes and sponges (Rossellidae).
Basque and Inuit Commensalism
in the Strait of Belle Isle
(5) In the era of metagenomics, some studies in both rodents and humans have suggested that interaction between dietary habits, environmental factors, genetic predisposition, and gut microbiota (intestinal commensalism
that regulates the rate of digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients) may also contribute to obesity.
On the evolution of commensalism
in the Chironomidae.
Heidrich et al., "Temple monkeys and health implications of commensalism
, Kathmandu, Nepal," Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.
Mitchell, "Streptococcus mitis: walking the line between commensalism
and pathogenesis," Molecular Oral Microbiology, vol.
These are mutualism relationship, commensalism
relationship, and parasitism relationship.
In this expanded functional paradigm, taste receptors serve as the sentinels of pathogenic detection and, therefore, are thought to mediate the balance between commensalism
and pathogenicity [5, 6].
Chinen et al., "Multiple geographic origins of commensalism
and complex dispersal history of black rats," PLoS ONE, vol.