Over the years and well into the 20th century, many names--including Da Costa's syndrome as well as combat neurosis
, shell shock, soldier's heart, neurocirculatory asthenia, and/or simply anxiety neurosis, as my father called it--have been applied to this syndrome.
Veterans of the Civil War had "soldier's heart," a crushed state of mind that led to withdrawal and dispiritedness; soldiers from World War I were thought to be "shell shocked;" World War II combatants suffered from "combat neurosis
." Interventions have included punishment, shaming, and a variety of largely untested treatment methods.
Hypnosis was used successfully with some cases of what was called "combat neurosis
" following World War II, but it has not been a common part of such treatment.
Examples of such traumas and complexes are shell shock, soldier's heart, combat neurosis
, combat fatigue, or De Costa syndrome, known for more than a century as neurocirculatory asohenia.
In the course of our careers, many of us have run across terms like shell shock, soldier's heart, combat neurosis
, combat fatigue, or--get this--Da Costa syndrome, known for more than a century as neurocirculatory asthenia, and a favorite term that my father, an ophthalmic surgeon, used for patients he thought had visual difficulties that were secondary to severe emotional stress.