Systematic differences in the extent to which a given waist circumference
or WHR level predicts disease outcomes in different ethnic groups varies, particularly if such differences could lead to underestimation of risk in certain populations.
* Neck circumference
: At the level of the mid-cervical vertebra and midpoint of the neck in the front.
A (http://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(16)31612-5/abstract) study in the American Journal of Cardiology looked at the upper arms of almost 600 older adults with cardiovascular disease and found a link between their circumferences
- the distances around them - and survival rates.
On the other hand, the excess of central fat estimated through waist circumference
> P75 was observed in 32.7% of the participants, the excess of peripheral fat estimated through the arm fat area > P90 was noticed in 18.2% of the sample, and no statiscally significant gender differences were observed (Table 2).
[10,11,12] Chumela WC et al found calf circumference
and arm circumference
useful to predict weight in elderly.
The overall mean age was 51.1510.36 years (range: 35 to 65 years).The mean neck circumference
was 36.132.14 cm and 31.591.18 cm in normal-weight men and women, respectively, compared with 40.02.13 cm and 35.75 2.74 cm among obese men and women.
In otolaryngology practice, neck circumference
is an important tool for predicting obstructive sleep apnea.
In Turkey, the current head circumference
growth charts commonly used by Turkish clinicians are for children aged less than 36 months (6).
3.Med shot, UNICEF staff uses Med-Upper Arm Circumference
measurement to screen Mohammed at the make-shift hospital in Madaya.
A tape measure was used to measure waist circumference
. To measure waist circumference
, a tape measure was placed around the bare abdomen just above the hip bone.
Horizontal darts affect length and vertical darts affect circumference
. Darting can affect both the garment length and circumference
, which also might contribute to the confusion.
Researchers examined 1,054 people with a mean age of 70.4 (52 percent female).They recorded body mass index (BMI), fat percentage, waist and hip circumference
, and waist-to-height ratio.
A healthy waist circumference
is no more than: | 80cm (31.5in) for all women | 94cm (37in) for most men You can measure your waist circumference
by yourself with a tape measure.
The neck circumference
(NC) is a novel anthropometric indicator of the upper body subcutaneous fat distribution .