cilium


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Related to cilium: selenium, psyllium husk
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  • noun

Synonyms for cilium

a hairlike projection from the surface of a cell

any of the short curved hairs that grow from the edges of the eyelids

References in periodicals archive ?
Cilium as a foreign body can occur in different parts of the eye such as the anterior chamber, iris, vitreous, lens, and retina.
Specific abnormalities of cilium molecules, in turn, increase body weight, in some instances, by affecting the function of receptors for leptin, a hormone that suppresses appetite.
In captures, the overtaken particle then moved with the cilium until it was near the food groove.
Unaccompanied and Pat Smullen draw clear of Cilium, with the disappointing St Nicholas Abbey (third right) behind
Given the fact that almost all proteins implicated in CDKs are at least partially localized in the renal cilium, its vital importance is emphasized and the notion that normal cilium structure and function are essential for renal development and maintenance is supported.
Considering the history of trauma in CASE S, we believe the cilium was mechanically embedded on the cornea at the time of injury and got buried as the surface reepithelialized.
The researchers discovered a number of steps along what was labeled the PAN (Primary cilium, Autophagy Nrf2) axis.
Therefore, the objective of this research program is to determine the role of the primary cilium and associated molecular components in the osteogenic differentiation and recruitment of human MSCs in loading-induced bone adaptation.
The researchers believe that the specific collection of proteins in each cilium, customized to the needs of each cell type, is determined by whether and how cilia keep proteins inside once they enter-not which ones they allow in initially.
Dynein arms extend from one side of a doublet in a clockwise direction, when viewed from the tip of the cilium.
the cilium moves faster than the particle: Strathmann and Leise, 1979; Emlet, 1990), indicating that direct interception of particles is possible if a particle adheres to a cilium (LaBarbera, 1984; Shimeta and Jumars, 1991).
The unexpected connection between the primary cilium and cell-to-cell signalling is one of the most exciting discoveries in cell and developmental biology in the last decade.
Most cells in our body project a single, non-moving cilium used as a tiny antenna for detecting chemical and physical stimuli.
Because the middle parts of effective strokes were not visible in recordings at this magnification and recording speed, the reach of cilia was estimated from the cilium length (about 25 [micro]m).
Polycystin-1, polycystin-2, and fibrocystin are all found in a cell's primary cilium, which acts as the cell's antenna and is intimately involved in human embryonic development as well as the development of certain diseases, including PKD.