Global trends of whole-genome duplications revealed by the ciliate
In addition, populations of the ciliates
, Ruminobacter albus and R.
Evidently, this was supported by the rich community of ciliates
(Mohr and Adrian, 2002) in this lake.
KEY WORDS: penaeid shrimp, Apostome ciliate
, black gill, parasite, fishery, next generation sequencing
Behavioural modifications imposed to the ciliate
protist Euplotes crassus by Caulerpenyne: the major toxic terpenoid of the green seaweed, Caulerpa taxifolia.
Labial triangle series M with 6 or 7 setae of diverse sizes, 2 innermost setae ciliate
, other setae in series M smooth; R smooth and slightly shorter than E; E, L1, L2, and series A smooth.
Leaf blade broadly ovate or oblong-lanceolate to elliptic, 6-19 cm long; base symmetrical in sympodial leaves, obtuse to rounded, sometimes cordate in monopodial leaves; palmately veined with 3-7 veins; non ciliate
and glabrous on both surfaces.
Clockwise from mushroom at bottom: Amanita muscaria, giant panda, Desmaretla, Euglena, Giardia, Trichomonas, star sand foram, Allogromia foram, Globigerina foram, Colpidium ciliates
, Stentor, dinoflagellate, Coscinodiscus, Stephanodiscus, giant kelp, Gephyrocapsa, Ceratolithus, Phaeocystis, Magnolia, Galaxaura red seaweed, Scenedesmus green algae, Entamoeba, Tubulifera slime mold, Chaos amoeba, SOURCE: A.
Fish and other aquatic biota that were commonly used as bioindicators of persistent organic pollutants  have been replaced in recent years successfully by ciliates
2006) (=Mastigamoeba invertens (Klebs, 1893)) Class Tubulinea 4 Arcella vulgaris P Bt (Ehrenberg, 1830) 5 Centropyxis aculeate P Bt (Ehrenberg) (Stein, 1857) 6 Dactylosphaerium P Bt polypodium (Ehrenberg) 7 Euglypha ciliate
P Bt (Ehrenberg) (Leidy, 1879) 8 Saccamoeba limax P Bt (Page, 1969) Phylum-group Alveolata; Phylum Ciliophora Subphylum Ciliata Class Kinetophragminophora 9 Amphileptus anser Pr Pl, Bt (Ehrenberg, 1838) 10 A.
Obviously, knowledge of rumen ciliate
composition and the establishment and the comparison of the faunal similarities and differences between the hosts would yield specific information on the geographical distribution of both the hosts and the ciliates
, the feeding habitats and physiology of the hosts and their specific ciliates
Remarks: In having one pair of notogastral setae p1 (other setae represented by alveoli), spindle-form and ciliate
sensilli, and rounded rostrum, P.
Simple method to remove completely ciliate
protozoa of adult ruminants.
Using an inverted microscope, quantitative analysis of ciliate
protozoa was performed as previously described by Utermohl (1958).
Leaves of mature stems unlobed or bi-lobed; leaf margins entire, dentate or ciliate