chromatid


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Related to chromatid: chromomere
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  • noun

Words related to chromatid

one of two identical strands into which a chromosome splits during mitosis

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The human chromosome 8q24 locus contains a famous oncogene, MYC, and is amplified in nearly half of HCC patients.[1],[2],[3] DNA replication and sister chromatid cohesion 1 ( DSCC1 , also known as DCC1 ), which locates in 8q24, is one of the components of an alternative clamp loader/unloader Ctf18-Dcc1-Ctf8-replication factor C (Ctf18-RFC) complex.[4],[5],[6],[7] This protein complex plays important roles in sister chromatid cohesion, DNA replication, spindle checkpoints, DNA repair, and genome stability during the S phase of the cell cycle.[8],[9],[10],[11],[12],[13] The most recent studies revealed that DSCC1 and Ctf18-RFC complex also play a key role in the cell cycle checkpoint control.
In the process of mitosis, a crucial step of the cell cycle is the segregation of sister chromatid. Mitotic checkpoints control sister chromosome segregation (34).
Canovas et al., "Atypically low spontaneous sister chromatid exchange formation in uveal melanoma," Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer, vol.
Increased formation of sister chromatid exchanges, but not of micronuclei, in anesthetists exposed to low levels of sevoflurane.
The compounds were evaluated not only for their ability to prevent or induce damage in genetic material when employed per se, but also for their ability to prevent DNA damage when administered in association with DXR--an antineoplastic anthracycline antibiotic that damages DNA by interacting with cytosine and guanine, leading to formation of DNA adducts, which may cause sister chromatid exchanges, chromosome aberrations, and interaction with topoisomerase II, preventing religation of double strands, with permanent DNA damage and subsequent non-homologous recombination events [25].
The other mechanism, homologous repair, involves an undamaged DNA molecule that will be used as a template (the DNA of the sister chromatid or the other chromosome).
Short term tests include acute toxicity, sister chromatid analysis, gross chromosomal changes, formation of micronuclei and effects on DNA.
asiatica induced by cyproterone acetate (CPA) on human lymphocytes using chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges as parameters.
This trend is in contrast with a study performed by Wang et al., [12] who looked at chromatid breaks in young breast cancer patients and noted significantly higher chromatid breaks in white American breast cancer patients than white controls, but not in African-American breast cancer patients compared with black controls.
Scientists from Japan, Europe, and the US discuss the history of mitosis research and the model systems that have played a key role; how threads are produced through chromosome condensation; how sister chromatids attach to each other and to the spindle apparatus; how the spindle microtubules nucleate, elongate, pause, and shrink; how kinetochores and centrosomes serve as anchor and control points; the biochemical elements that coordinate the main regulatory stages of entry into mitosis, sister chromatid separation, and mitotic exit; how cells can mis-segregate and unbalance the genome; the cellular changes that occur during cytokinesis; and the differences between mitosis and meiosis.
It happens during DNA replication and uses sister chromatid as a template to repair the DNA double-strand break (21).
1996) and sister chromatid exchanges (Olvera-Bello et al.