Although the latter authors showed that choledochoscopy exceeded the total cost, they concluded that choledochoscopy is clinically efficacious in obtaining a stone-free choledoch.
1,5,6 When using the operative choledochoscopy technique, the procedure is preceded by a standard choledoch exploration using a rigid or preferably flexible choledochoscope, and the choledochotomy line is closed, preferably by primary closure, whereas the other reconstruction alternatives are t-tube application or choledochoduodenal anastomosis.
Although the morbidity and mortality associ-ated with operative choledoch exploration are well known, choledochoscopy-related prognosis is not sufficiently well documented1,5 for comparison with the results obtained here.
ANIDIAN (web2), ALCHEMICAL, ALTAR-FRONTAL, ASITIAS (web2), CENTENCE, CHOLEDOCH
, DEICIDE, DERWARDE, EAST-SEA, EDIFIED, ELIMIEL (cad), ENTERPARTEN, ESTIMATES, HERBURHE, HYPERTROPHY, ICHTHIC.