cholic acid

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an insoluble crystalline acid present in bile

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Hypoglycemic activity and oral bioavailability of insulin-loaded liposomes containing bile salts in rats: The effect of cholate type, particle size and administered dose.
Yuan, "Determination of six components in Rhubarb by cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography using a mixed micellar system of sodium cholate and sodium taurocholate," Analytica Chimica Acta, vol.
The other six groups were feeding with a diet enriched with 1% cholesterol and 0.5% cholic acid (hypercholesterolemic/lithogenic diet, Harlan Laboratories TD 03451,1% cholesterol, 0.5% sodium cholate).
Somatic cells such as myoblasts, marrow stromal cells, menstrual blood-derived cells, and placenta (amnion, cholate plate, umbilical cord)-derived cells have been introduced as starting materials for cellular therapy products [5-9].
For each of the prepared membranes, this support will be impregnated with organic solution toluene in 0.01 M concentration for each following carrier agents: methyl cholate (MC), resorcinarene (RESO), or trioctylamine (TOA).
The rats were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet (formula quality ratio: conventional feed 66.5%, cholesterol 2.5%, sodium cholate 1%, lard 10%, and sucrose 20%; the materials above were mixed with water and kneaded into a ball and then placed into an air dry oven with constant temperature) for four weeks, and after that the rats were injected intraperitoneally with a dosage of 30 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) solution.
Five monosubstituted metal cholates were prepared by reacting monoequivalents of sodium cholate with metal salts in two different solvent, viz.
Optimum concentration of sodium cholate as surfactant has positive role on exfoliation of graphite to graphene in aqueous media in terms of concentration and lateral dimension of graphene sheets as reported in our previous studies [24].
Initially all three groups were given high-lipid diet containing cholesterol 1.5g, coconut oil 8ml and sodium cholate 1.0g per 100g of rat chow to induce hyperlipidaemia.
Cholate damages the structure of cell membranes, leading to leakage of substances inside the cell, and making it difficult for thallus to survive.
Forty C57BL/6 mice were separated into two diet groups; the first one was fed with a high cholesterol (HC) (2% cholesterol, 0.5% sodium cholate) diet for two days as previously reported [4, 16]; the second group was fed with control standard Chow diet for the same period of time.
Progressive ductular reaction, cholate stasis (bile acid accumulation causing foamy appearance of hepatocytes with wispy cytoplasmic threads [feathery degeneration]), and accumulation of copper and copper-binding protein, representing the morphological features of chronic cholestasis, are accompanied by fibrosis, which eventually leads to micronodular cirrhosis.
In this research, CFN solution is prepared by mixing with sodium cholate and distilled water and characterized by waveguide refection/transmission method where multivariable Newton-Raphson method is used to solve two complex equations containing four variables--[[epsilon].sub.1], [[epsilon].sub.22], [[mu].sub.1], [[mu].sub.11].
Group A was given standard laboratory diet, group B high fat diet comprising 15% butter, 1.25% cholesterol powder and 0.5% sodium cholate and in group C the high fat diet was enriched with tocotrienol 6 mg/kg body weight.