Chlorine disinfection byproducts such as chloroform and chloramines
are formed when chlorine, the most commonly used disinfectant in aquatic venues (e.
A combination of low- and high- return air grilles promotes chloramine
removal, good mixing throughout the space, and prevents stratification and corrosion.
Some mainly remove chlorine, while others also remove chloramines
, disinfection byproducts, pesticides, industrial pollutants, and lead.
Statistically, analysis of variance "ANOVA", between control and treated well water with chlorine and chloramine
, revealed highly significant differences (P<0.
Municipalities are choosing chloramine
as a disinfectant alternative to chlorine, which is a combination of chlorine and ammonia.
Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of a temporary restorative material containing different agents (triclosan or chloramine
T) in its composition and the possible interference of these agents on the physical and mechanical properties of the material.
The other problem is that urine contains nitrogen - like personal care products - which create chloramine
," she said.
Further laboratory tests confirmed that ICM form iodo-DBPs in the presence of chlorine and chloramine
, which are commonly used to treat drinking water.
Chlorine and Chloramine
Removal with Activated Carbon", Water Conditioning & Purification, June, 2009
Papacarie also contains Chloramine
which acts as a disinfectant and softens the carious dentin due to chlorination of the partially degraded collagen.
gas is created almost instantly when bleach and toilet cleaner are mixed.
Due to official fears about chlorine by-products the city will stop using chlorine and switch to chloramine
as a secondary disinfectant.
A table summarizes the attributes, advantages, and disadvantages of treating drinking water with chlorine, chloramine
, chlorine dioxide, ozone, and UV disinfection.
A spectrometric kit available from Hach (Method 10172) more accurately detects chloramine
levels between 0-10.
In 1988, the FDA reported 44 cases of haemolysis due to inadequate chloramine
removal in Philadelphia.