Similarly, autism was referred to only in relation to childhood schizophrenia
in the DSM-II, (12) published in 1968.
Enrolled patients were children who met the diagnostic criteria for childhood schizophrenia
specified in the Chinese Classification of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (CCMD-3)  who were treated in the outpatient or inpatient services of the Shanghai Mental Health Center from January to April 2010.
Similarly, the editors chose to include a chapter on childhood schizophrenia
, which they admit is rare.
Newcomer, a coauthor on the Medicaid claims research, said a growing number of "very eye-opening studies" about the enduring impact of childhood metabolic dysregulation and obesity should make clinicians weigh risks and consequences carefully when choosing drugs to prescribe for childhood schizophrenia
, and perhaps even more so for use in disruptive behavior disorders and other nonpsychotic diagnoses.
Many psychiatrists were convinced that children with autism actually had childhood schizophrenia
and voluntary mutism.
Those rare children who do develop childhood schizophrenia
are more similar in their symptomatology to adult schizophrenia and are easily distinguished from children with autism.
Autism was, for many years, confused with childhood schizophrenia
and clouded by a tendency to blame parents for the child's condition - a belief which still lingers in some parts of the world.