Of those who had HIV-harboring cells in their cerebrospinal fluid
, 30% met criteria for thinking problems (cognitive impairment), compared with 11% of those without HIV-harboring cells in their cerebrospinal fluid
The pressures of cerebrospinal fluid
flowing in intracranial and intraorbital subarachnoid distance were the same, and the change of pressure directly reflects.
The cerebrospinal fluid
(CSF) showed that there were 4 - 5 lymphocytes and normal levels of glucose at 57 mg/dL (40 - 70 mg/dL), microprotein at 19 mg/dL (15 - 45 mg/dL), and Cl at 127 mmol/dL (118 - 132 mmol/dL).
Diagnosis of TBM is usually based on growth of Mycobac-terium in cerebrospinal fluid
(CSF) and this method is considered as gold standard.
Leakage of cerebrospinal fluid
(CSF) from the intracranial space through the nasal passages is a serious condition because it provides a corridor to the bacteria and other organisms to get into intracranial CSF spaces and cause meningitisA1.
The cerebrospinal fluid
fills the brain and its roles are still poorly understood.
Inspissated mucus was found at the area of mucosal thickening on CT (Figure 1) without evidence of fluorescein-dyed cerebrospinal fluid
or bony dehiscence at the fovea ethmoidalis.
The MRI results and cerebrospinal fluid
examination indicators were compared between the two groups.
The new catheter will be used for insertion into a ventricular cavity of the brain for external drainage of cerebrospinal fluid
in patients with elevated intracranial pressure, intraventricular hemorrhage, or hydrocephalic shunt infections, added the company's CEO Chad Seaver.
OBJECTIVE: Rhinoliquorrhea is defined as a cerebrospinal fluid
leakage from the nose.
In 1884, Italian pathologists Ettore Marchiafava and Angelo Celli described intracellular micrococci in cerebrospinal fluid
, and in 1887, Anton Wiechselbaum identified the meningococcus (designated as Diplococcus intracellularis meningitidis) in cerebrospinal fluid
and established the connection between the organism and epidemic meningitis.
Hydrocephalus is increase in volume of cerebrospinal fluid
, appears similar to the hydranencephaly, but in hydrocephalus the ventricles retain a complete ependymal lining.
(CSF) rhinorrhea results from an abnormal communication of the dura mater to the nasal mucosa.
Due to the low white blood cell count in the cerebrospinal fluid
, sterile blood cultures, and explanation of hyponatremia for the patient's altered mental status, antibiotics were discontinued on day #3 but eventually restarted as the patient's condition declined.
A cerebrospinal fluid
fistula is defined as the communication between the subarachnoid space and the external environment .