Both sensitivity panels from the 2 cultures for the patient of this report showed resistance to penicillin, piperacillin, 3 fluoroquinolones, cephalothin
, and amikacin.
aureus 0 0 1 (100) 0 Total 1 (8.3) 0 5 4 (41.6) (33.3) CONS: coagulase/negative staphylococci; P: penicillin (10 U); AMP: augmentin (30 [micro]g); KF: cephalothin
(10 [micro]g); DA: clindamycin (30 [micro]g); CRO: ceftriaxone (10 [micro]g); GN: gentamicin (30 [micro]g); E: erythromycin (15 [micro]g); CIP: ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g); OX: oxacillin (1 [micro]g); F: nitrofurantoin (30 [micro]g); C: chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g); SXT: trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (1.25/23.75 [micro]g); CXM: cefuroxime (30 [micro]g).
Biochemical tests, namely, gram staining reaction, oxidase, urease, and catalase tests, and antibiotics (cephalothin
and nalidixic acid) susceptibility test were employed [14, 15].
The antibiotic therapy with ceftriaxone and metronidazole was staged for clindamycin (POI) and cephalothin
(12[degrees] PO) and, later, for piperacillin and tazobactam (17th PO) due to remaining infectious signs in the surgical wound.
Protective effect of cephalothin
against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.
The susceptibility of the AMS212 strain was evaluated against the antibiotics: ampicillin (AMP), amikacin (AMI), amoxicillin plus clavulanate (AMC), ceftazidime (CAZ), cefepime (CPM), cefoxitin (CFO), cefuroxima (CRX), ciprofloxacin (CIP), gentamicin (GEN), meropenem (MER), cephalothin
(CFL) and sulfazotrim (SUT).
enterocolitica intrinsic resistance to ampicillin, ticarcillin, amoxycillin-clavulanate, cefazolin, and cephalothin
has been assigned by the Clinical & Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).
The antibiotics investigated in the study included penicillins (ampicillin, carbenicillin and piperacillin), 1st generation cephalosporins (cephalothin
), 2nd generation cephalosporins (cefuroxime, cefoxitin and cefaclor), 3rd generation cephalosporins (ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and ceftazidime), 4th generation cephalosporins (cefepime) carbapenems (imipenem) and monocyclic lactams (aztreonam).
Using the disk diffusion technique, the samples were seeded in Mueller Hinton agar medium (KASVI), where DME Sensi-Discs of the following antibiotics were placed: Cephalothin
(30 [micro]g), Imipenem (10 [micro]g), Gentamicin (120 [micro]g), Ciprofloxacin (05 mcg), Nalidixic acid (30 [micro]g), Chloramphenicol (30 [micro]g) and Nitrofurantoin (300 [micro]g).
Small 2.5 mm corneal ulcer at peripheral cornea Number Treatment Outcome (1) Gentamicin and Ulcer healed cephalothin
(2) Moxifloxacin and Healed in 19 days tobramycin (3) Vancomycin and Unknown.
The prick test and intradermal test were carried out with drugs used during the surgery, namely, chlorhexidine, lidocaine, cephalothin
, acetylcysteine, chloramphenicol, cephalosporin, midazolam, fentanyl, andpropofol.
fluvialis were checked at the following antibiotic concentrations: amoxicillin (10 mcg/disc), bacitracin (10 mcg/disc), erythromycin (15 mcg/disc), amoxicillin (10 mcg/disc), bacitracin (10 mcg/ disc), erythromycin (15 mcg/disc), oxytetracycline (30 mcg/ disc), novobiocin (30 mcg/disc), cephalothin
(30 mcg/disc), vancomycin (30 mcg/disc), and amikacin (10 mcg/disc).
For the Gram negative bacteria the antibiotics were: amikacin (AMI, 30 [micro]g), amoxicillin + clavulanate (AMC, 20 + 10 [micro]g), ampicillin (AMP, 10 [micro]g), cephalothin
(CFL, 30 [micro]g), cefepime (COM, 30 [micro]g), cefoxitin (CFO, 30 [micro]g), ceftazidime (CAZ, 30 [micro]g), cefuroxime (CRX, 30 [micro]g), ciprofloxacin (CIP, 5 [micro]g), gentamicin (GEN, 10 [micro]g), meropenem (MER, 10 [micro]g), sulfazotrim (SUT, 23.75 + 1.25 [micro]g).
Antibacterial susceptibility test was performed for every isolated bacteria using disc diffusion method described by Bauer et al.12 The antibiotics that were used against gram-positive bacteria were (20 ug of amoxicillin + 10 ug of clavulanate), ceftazidime (30ug), cephalothin
(30ug), clindamycin (2ug), erythromycin (15ug), gentamycin (10ug), oxacillin (1ug), penicillin (10ug) and vancomycin (30ug).
Studies on efficacy of antimicrobial agents against Pasteurella multocida was investigated by agar diffusion method that showed high sensitivity to various antibiotics including enrofloxacin, chloramphenicol, ampicillin, penicillin G and cephalothin