During physical examination, macrocephaly with the cephalic perimeter of 56 cm (>97 centile
) and plagiocephaly, height of 149 cm (25 centile
), weight of 49.3 kg (60 centile
), three trichoglyphs on the scalp, a prominent metopic ridge, asymmetric and dysmorphic facial features (figure 1) with a high palate were observed.
Stunting defined as length less than 3rd centile
or less than 2 standard deviations according to WHO growth charts.
The average absolute annual decline over the period 2000 to 2010 was estimated to be 0.2% for moderate stunting and 0.4% for severe stunting, although larger declines were seen in some countries (5th centiles
of 0.88% for moderate and 1.41% for severe).
An accurate birthweight centile
should be adjusted taking into consideration the baby's sex, maternal height, weight, parity and ethnic group (9).
When plotted on the IAP chart, 45 infants (47.87%) had weight less than the 5th centile
. Nine infants (9.5%) and 19 infants (20.21%) had head circumference and length less than the 5th centile
, respectively (Figure 2).
The key result of our study is the novel observation that head circumference at birth is a prime and unique index for increased risk of white matter damage in term-born neonates over the whole range of growth centiles
in a U-shaped manner (Table 2, Figure 2).
It has higher average values in the group of Master students of 88.83 centiles
, lower values in the group of professional reorientation students of 87.00 centiles
and even lower in the group of Bachelor students of 77.72 centiles
were calculated for each measurements using the formula: centile
= mean + K x SD (K = +-1.88 for 3rd and 97th centiles
Among term infants, morbidity and mortality are 5-30-fold higher in low birth weight infants (LBWI) compared to infants with birth weight within the normal range (10th-90th centile
The mothers were given the questionnaires regarding perception of the child's health and then weight of these children was plotted against the standard growth centile
charts.The correlation between the weights of children with other parameters was done using the Pearson Chi-Square method and Fisher's Exact test.
for Omani premature infants born at 26 weeks of gestation.
Cowley's original suggested caseload sizes (adapted from Cowley, 2009) PCTs mapped to IMD Suggested ratio of scores whole-time equivalent (WTE) health visitors to children aged under five Most deprived 10% one to 100 70th to 90th centiles
one to 150 40th to 70th centiles
one to 300 Least deprived 30% one to 400
HOW IT'S WORKED OUT WHEN measuring an individual child's weight, status is defined using the UK90 clinical cut points which areas follows: Underweight: Below 2nd BMI centiles
| Healthy weight: Between 2nd and |90th BMI centiles
Overweight: Between 91st and 97th | BMI centiles
Very overweight - doctors call this |clinically obese - at or above 98th BMI centiles
To calculate where your child stands, go to chroniclelive.couk where an interactive tool can help you
 The estimated fetal weight is usually classified using population-based birth weight centiles
. A potentially superior approach is to utilise large population-based data sets that incorporate fetal gender, maternal parity, ethnicity, height, weight and age, and exclude pathological variables such as maternal smoking, hypertension, diabetes and preterm birth to create an ultrasound-based, customised, optimal growth curve.
Results are presented as mean and SE if gaussian, or as median and interquartile range (IQR) (25th, 75th centiles