Both scenarios that remain (A and B) can be categorical imperatives
, but Rothbard (1998, p.
617-32; Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Moral Dilemmas (New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988); Darian DeBoldt, "Kant and Clint: Dirty Harry Meets the Categorical Imperative
," Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1997); and Alastair Norcross, "Should Utilitarianism Accommodate Moral Dilemmas?
Kant, of course, would probably object to the idea of deriving morality from stage pictures, even ones that illustrate the categorical imperative
The categorical imperatives
soon give way to conditional imperatives which impose less strict demands.
The categorical imperative
applies universally to everyone without contradiction and requires individuals to will for themselves only what they would also will for others.
The chapter closes with a scholarly discussion of Hume, too easily taken by others to be the classic instrumentalist, and Shaver develops further the now standard point that hypothetical as well as categorical imperatives
require a normative grounding.
As was my own college journey, led by Jesuits improbably passionate about all those categorical imperatives
This clears the way for a rehabilitation of the Kantian claim that reasons for action can take the form of categorical imperatives
requirement or the 1999 starting date as categorical imperatives
and is unwilling to suffer new austerity measures.
These recommendations are not, however, viable categorical imperatives
that must be adopted by every board under all circumstances.
3) Categorical imperatives
are contrasted with hypothetical imperatives, where the distinction between the two types of imperatives has to do with whether the imperative is "universally valid" (G 416).
The academician ponders the intangible, savors the paradoxical, and embraces the peculiar; he or she speaks in a special language of categorical imperatives
and deontological view-points that must be taken into consideration before a statement about honesty is agreed to have any meaning.
Kantian categorical imperatives
should not be confused with undeniable ought statements.
Only a formal principle can be the basis of categorical imperatives
that apply with necessity.
In the first essay, Hill develops the Kantian requirement that moral reasoning be grounded in an a priori method, the notion of duties as categorical imperatives
, and the requirement that moral agents have autonomy of will.