In a bizarre scenario evoking the sci-fi films of the 1950s, the fungus performs a sex-change operation on female catchfly
plants, causing them to abort their ovaries and develop stamens -- male sex organs that normally produce pollen.
VANISHING SPECIES: The curlew, above, and, clockwise from far left, the corn bunting, golden plover, lapwing and small-flowered catchfly
are all heading rapidly towards extinction in Wales
aaeeii ANAESTHETIZING aaiiuu PARASITIC FUNGUS eeaaii REPEATABILITY eeiiaa SWEET-WILLIAM CATCHFLY
iiaaee PRINCIPAL CHALLENGE iiooee IDIOPHONEME ooaaee CHLOROMANGANESE ooeeii PHOTO-ELECTRICITY oouuee COLOUR SUPPLEMENT uuaaee UNGUARANTEED uuiiee UNSUFFICIENCE aaeeoo PALAEETHNOLOGY aaooee THALAMOCOELE eeaaoo REHEARSAL ROOM eeiioo TELEVISION SHOW iieeaa PROVILEGED ALTAR ooaaii HOLOPARASITIC ooiiaa HONORIFICATA uuaaii MUTUAL AFFINITY aaiiee MALADMINISTERED aaooii LAPAROTOMIZING eeaauu PEPPER-AND-SALT FUNDUS eeooii ELECTROTONICITY iieeoo WINNIE THE POOH ooeeaa MOOSE-HEAD PLANT ooiiee HONORIFICENCE uueeaa RUKUT-BEEJ-DANA
Just four of these are found in Wales -cornflower, red-hemp nettle, shepherd's needle and small-flower catchfly
,found in just a few fields in Denbighshire, Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire (and yet these plants would never have existed without arable farming).
In February 1995, Biodiversity Legal Foundation (BLF) filed a petition to list the Spalding's Catchfly
as an endangered species.
(Silene spaldingii) A long-lived perennial herb in the pink or carnation family (Caryophyllaceae), Spalding's catchfly
has small greenish-white flowers and foliage covered with sticky hairs (which accounts for the "catchfly
Patterns of isozyme variation in relation to population size, isolation and phytogeographic history in royal catchfly (Silene regia, Caryophyllaceae).
Royal catchfly (Silene regia; Caryophyllaceae) in Indiana.
Many species traditionally associated with mixed farming systems have declined in Wales, such as the yellowhammer and tree sparrow, and specialist arable plants such as weasel's-snout and small-flowered catchfly
have also seen a dramatic decline in their numbers.
PLANTS n Small-flowered catchfly
has been lost from 93% of sites n Chamomile has been lost from 37 sites n Shepherd's-needle is now found at just two sites
One notable plant is the small-flowered catchfly
, which grows on the harbour walls.
In the few remaining square meters of prairie vegetation extant along the Wabash a few rare species persist, including royal catchfly
(Silene regia--ST), prairie wild hyacinth (Camassia angusta (Engel.
The Nottingham catchfly
is a very unusual plant, for example.
Before the widespread use of pesticides, arable fields supported many wildflowers that are now rare, including cornflower, shepherd's needle and small-flowered catchfly
grass; August; low, wet woods; infrequent; USIH 1046.