The grasses, Leersia lenticularis (catchfly
grass), Panicum rigidulum (redtop panicgrass), and sedges, Carex joorii (cypress swamp sedge), Cyperus odoratus (fragrant flatsedge), and Eleocharis obtusa (blunt spikesedge), are commonly encountered in marshes.
In a bizarre scenario evoking the sci-fi films of the 1950s, the fungus performs a sex-change operation on female catchfly
plants, causing them to abort their ovaries and develop stamens -- male sex organs that normally produce pollen.
Aiton; Starry catchfly
, widowsfrill; Young successional slope woods in SW corner; Rare; C = 5; BSUH 17984.
And the small-flowered catchfly
could face extinction.
TABLE 16-12 Perennials That Respond Well to Pruning USDA HARDINESS COMMON NAME SPECIES ZONE Autumn Joy sedum Sedum 'Autumn Joy' 3-9 Beebalm Monarda didyma 4-9 Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia fulgida 2-10 Boltonia, false chamomile Boltonia asteroides 3-8 Campion, catchfly
Lychnis coronaria 2-10 Chrysanthemum, mum Dendranthema x morifolium Culver's root Veronicastrum virginicum 3-8 False sunflower, ox-eye Heliopsis helianthoides 4-9 Feverfew, tansy Tanacetum parthenium 3-10 Flax Linum perenne 2-10 Garden phlox Phlox paniculata 3-9 Gaura Gaura linheimeri 3-10 Goldenrod Solidago spp.
Some of the finest varieties have been bred from Lychnis viscaria, the German catchfly
, a neat plant growing 45cm (18in) in height and spread with spikes of dark pink flowers.
aaeeii ANAESTHETIZING aaiiuu PARASITIC FUNGUS eeaaii REPEATABILITY eeiiaa SWEET-WILLIAM CATCHFLY
iiaaee PRINCIPAL CHALLENGE iiooee IDIOPHONEME ooaaee CHLOROMANGANESE ooeeii PHOTO-ELECTRICITY oouuee COLOUR SUPPLEMENT uuaaee UNGUARANTEED uuiiee UNSUFFICIENCE aaeeoo PALAEETHNOLOGY aaooee THALAMOCOELE eeaaoo REHEARSAL ROOM eeiioo TELEVISION SHOW iieeaa PROVILEGED ALTAR ooaaii HOLOPARASITIC ooiiaa HONORIFICATA uuaaii MUTUAL AFFINITY aaiiee MALADMINISTERED aaooii LAPAROTOMIZING eeaauu PEPPER-AND-SALT FUNDUS eeooii ELECTROTONICITY iieeoo WINNIE THE POOH ooeeaa MOOSE-HEAD PLANT ooiiee HONORIFICENCE uueeaa RUKUT-BEEJ-DANA
Just four of these are found in Wales -cornflower, red-hemp nettle, shepherd's needle and small-flower catchfly
,found in just a few fields in Denbighshire, Cardiganshire and Pembrokeshire (and yet these plants would never have existed without arable farming).
In February 1995, Biodiversity Legal Foundation (BLF) filed a petition to list the Spalding's Catchfly
as an endangered species.
(Silene spaldingii) A long-lived perennial herb in the pink or carnation family (Caryophyllaceae), Spalding's catchfly
has small greenish-white flowers and foliage covered with sticky hairs (which accounts for the "catchfly
- Silene regia (royal catchfly
) was once endemic to 12 states (now found in only 6) in midwestern and eastern North America, with verified historical populations as far S as the Florida panhandle (King, 1981a).
Many species traditionally associated with mixed farming systems have declined in Wales, such as the yellowhammer and tree sparrow, and specialist arable plants such as weasel's-snout and small-flowered catchfly
have also seen a dramatic decline in their numbers.
(*) Silene noctiflora L.; Night-flowering Catchfly
; Sticky Cockle; Woods along woodland road; Rare; C = 0; BSUH 13409.
PLANTS n Small-flowered catchfly
has been lost from 93% of sites n Chamomile has been lost from 37 sites n Shepherd's-needle is now found at just two sites
Silene antirrhina L.; Sleepy Catchfly
; Sleepy Silene; Along railroad track, west side; rare, but locally Abundant; (#); C = 0; BSUH 11950.