At capture, we collected blood (10 ml) to test for disease exposure to bluetongue (BT), epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) disease I and II, Johne's disease, West Nile virus (WNV), and malignant catarrhal fever
(MCF) exposure at the South Dakota State Animal Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory, Brookings, SD.
Infection with ovine herpesvirus 2 in Norwegian herds with a history of previous outbreaks of malignant catarrhal fever
. J Vet Diagn Invest.
To the Editor: Malignant catarrhal fever
(MCF) is an acute, generalized, and usually fatal disease previously thought to be restricted to mammals of the order Artiodactyla, often members of the subfamilies Bovinae, Cervidae, and Suidae (1).
While the present extent of malignant catarrhal fever
is unknown because of the lack of practical detection procedures, two things are quite certain: It is one of several cattle diseases caused by a herpes-virus, and it is often fatal.
In cattle the initial symptoms appeared similar to malignant catarrhal fever
(MCF), but the more severe eye lesions typically seen with MCF do not appear.
Clinical differentiation of malignant catarrhal fever
, mucosal disease and bluetongue.
As Health Commissioner Markos Kyprianou had already hinted in late December, it has been decided that the European Commission will finance, from March or April, a vaccination campaign in the European Union to halt the spread of bluetongue disease (catarrhal fever
), which has already struck a large share of European livestock.
In cattle initial symptoms in last year's outbreak appeared similar to malignant catarrhal fever
(MCF), but the more severe ocular lesions typically seen with MCF did not appear.
Alternatively, control measures may focus more directly on preventing transmission from the reservoir, e.g., separation of cattle and wildebeest to prevent transmission of malignant catarrhal fever
in East Africa (41).
A scientific report of the European Food SafetyaAuthority (EFSA) presents counter-arguments to the expensive precautionary measures imposed lastayear toacombat the spread of the catarrhal fever
Those cattle affected in the recent outbreak showed symptoms similar to Malignant Catarrhal Fever
. With Blue Tongue the most important things to remember are "fever, face and feet" and if you are suspicious, notify your local Animal Health Divisional Office.
So catarrhal fever
may well be back in spring 2007.
The European Commission on March 16 ruled that Italy had contravened EU state aid rules when it granted Euro 2.5 million to the meat processing and marketing industry in 2000 to compensate for the outbreak of ovine catarrhal fever
or bluetongue among sheep in Sardinia.
A number of other conditions may be confused with IBK in their early stages, these include IBR (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis), Malignant Catarrhal Fever
, Listerial Iritis (Silage eye), Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Tumour), trauma and a foreign body in the eye.
These diseases are 'infectious salmon anemia' and 'catarrhal fever
in high risk regions or regions where it is endemic'.Finally, the Council adopted a decision giving the Commission a mandate to negotiate with the ACP countries on Protocol No3 annexed to the ACP-EC and India Partnership agreement.