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Related to catalexis: Acatalexis
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  • noun

Words related to catalexis

the absence of a syllable in the last foot of a line or verse

References in periodicals archive ?
"Catalexis." The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics.
"Saul," which also employs catalexis, provides for an analysis of the falling cadence.
The first four lines of the first stanza are trochaic and employ catalexis: four stresses amid seven syllables, rhyming ABAB.
It seems, rather, that the line is composed of four anapests, the final one implied by a catalexis.
Before the twentieth century, catalexis was avoided in the literary or "for-print" tradition as a solecism, even by Shakespeare: after all, the one thing every schoolboy knows about iambic pentameter is that it has at least ten syllables, two per foot, and even theoreticians of meter only came to recognize the possibility of the so-called "monosyllabic foot" in the second half of the nineteenth century (see, for example, Abbott 372-85).
But though catalexis may irritate the pedants, it is not (as it would be in French) a metrical defect, since meter-in English is based in the first instance on a count not of syllables but of beats.
Catalexis, though it can arise from inadvertence in a poet who wishes to observe the shibboleth that forbids it, (4) may also be a stylistic tool: whether or not it is consciously registered, it is experienced by the reader or listener as a gap, an absence of something expected: thus headlessness creates a kind of initial abruptness that mirrors, for example, the suddenness of King Richard's volte-face in the first line of item 2a, or the explosive anger or exasperation of the speakers in the second two: 2.
Each line of dimeter has four complete verse feet except for the last line, which has three and a half, due to the catalexis. The meter tends to have about four words per line with a constant trochaic rhythm at the mora level, as we have just seen.
We understand catalexis to be the metrical counterpart: of rest in music (Burling 1966).
(30) Knights 773-776 (final catalexis) (H H) (L L H) (H H)(L L H) (H H)(L L H)(L kai po:s an e.mou mal.lon se [p.sup.h]i.lo:n o: and how prt me more you loving o Demos become L H)(H--) citizen
For, given his poem's theme of marital haunting, Hardy has with characteristic ingenuity made feminine endings an earnest of uncanny wifely initiatives; acephalous catalexis becomes a prosodic trope for the absence/presence of a remarried widower's paranormal experience.
Line 1 must be just what it looks like, a dactylic tetrameter; and so then must line 2, whose double-slack catalexis belongs at the end and not, where I had wanted to put it, at the beginning.