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  • noun

Synonyms for caryopsis

dry seed-like fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e

References in periodicals archive ?
Moderate to strong dormancy still occurred in 10 weedy strains including LD, and one African (Kebra 80) and three Asian (N22, Peta, and Pokali) cultivars as indicated by 8 to 55% germination of caryopses (Fig.
In some plant species such as Hordeum spontaneum [Gutterman, 1992a, 1993; Gutterman et al., in press(b)] and Schismus arabicus (Gutterman, submitted), post-matured caryopses (seeds) require about 70 days of dry storage at high temperatures of 35 [degrees] or 40 [degrees] C in order to be ready for germination.
To evaluate the influence of tissue components on seed dormancy in the parental lines, the germination of intact seeds, caryopses, caryopses with the pericarp/testa removed, and excised embryos was evaluated.
In Experiment 1, caryopses were removed from cupules, treated with one of five test solutions for 24 h, and then tested for germination.
Mature caryopses and plantlet segments were infected with Agrobacterium cultures grown in the presence of 100 [micro]M acetosyringone.
Coukos (1944) indicated that hammer mill processing tended to induce germination of dormant caryopses of little bluestem (Andropogon scoparius Michx.), big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii Vitman.), side-oats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula Michx.), indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans L.), and smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss.).
Caryopses were extracted from each sample by hand and individually weighted and placed into five weight classes (1.0-10.0, >10.0-20.0, >20.0-30.0, >30.0-40.0, and >40.0 mg [caryopsis.sup.-1]).
However, barley (Hordeum vulgare), oat (Avena sativa), rye (Secale cereale), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) are present in the samples as caryopses in very small quantities.
The efficacy of different seed priming osmotic on the establishment of maize (Zeamays L.) caryopses. J.
Handbook on the Morphology of Common Grasses: Identification and Characterization of Caryopses and Seedlings
Re-translocation of photo-assimilates is a vigorous phenomenon involving movement of deposited assimilates from stalks and other parts of plants to caryopses (Zhang et al., 1998).
In the light of the results obtained wheat caryopses have well supported conservation of one to two years.
Cereals currently supply more than half of the calories consumed by humans (Small, 2009), and in all of them a "domesticated syndrome" of characteristics is recognizable whereby the edible fruits (caryopses) have lost the features in their wild ancestors that cause the grains to detach and scatter away (see, for example, Sakuma et al., 2011).