When a stag is feeling particularly amorous the caruncles
and snood become a very bright red, or blue, making them attractive to the hen.
Urethral caruncles usually arise from the posterior lip of the urethral meatus.
Urethral caruncles are the most common urethral disease among females.
Urethral caruncles are considered to be neither neoplastic nor preneoplastic lesions.
Large or refractory caruncles and those with an unusual appearance should be aggressively surgically treated and carefully evaluated for the presence of any possible malignancy.
The patient had been treated with steroid ointment for a year at another hospital, but bleeding from the caruncle had still been observed occasionally.