Urethral MMs are frequently polypoid mass and may be clinically confused with urethral polyps, caruncle
, mucosal prolapse, chancre, or other common malignant tumors (6).
Sometimes, small urethral MMs are erroneously removed by local excision, since they may resemble caruncle
. Distal urethrectomy following the excision did not reveal a residual tumor .
Conjunctival melanoma can develop on any part of the conjunctiva (bulbar, forniceal or tarsal) or in the caruncle
. In an analysis of 382 conjunctival melanomas, the AJCC classification distribution was T1: 57%, T2: 32%, and T3: 11%.
During EUA, the gynaecologist suspected the possibility of urethral caruncle
or hyperplastic urethral meatus.
The protuberant base has been described as a horseshoe, circular torus, callus-ring, caruncle
, basal constricted zone, or elaiosome.
They found that beaked animals tended to be born from eggs laid on land and from embryos that had a structure on the tip of their snouts known as a caruncle
. The facial structure was made of keratin, the substance found in fingernails, and was used to break through the egg before falling off shortly after.
It corresponded to a site 2.5 mm posterior to the medial commissure at the junction between the caruncle
and plica semilunaris.
Prostomium weakly bilobed or incised, caruncle
extending back to the end of chaetiger 3 or middle of chaetiger 4 (Fig.
with a fine dorsal medial sulcus, and 6 to 7 lateral folds that decrease in size from the front to the posterior end; reaches the third or fourth chaetiger segment (Fig.
Miscellaneous diagnoses with OABSS [greater than or equal to]8 (N=27) Urethrovaginal fistula 1 Urethral caruncle
3 Urethral mesh sling 7 Bladder cancer 4 Vesicovaginal fistula 1 Pubovaginal sling 4 Urethral diverticulum 2 Periurethral mass 1 Mesh erosion 2 Bladder lipoma 1 Urethral cyst 1 OABSS: overactive bladder symptom score.
Among the several means of assessing GO activity proposed over the past few decades, CAS is a simple and widely used method [2, 8], which can describe congestion and edema of the eyelids, conjunctiva, and lacrimal caruncle
and by questioning the patient about stationary or moving eye pain can help to judge the presence of acute inflammatory state of the orbit.
The caprine endometrium differed from human in that it had glandular intercaruncles and aglandular caruncles
. To evaluate anestrus and breeding uteri, cells were isolated from the whole caprine endometrium including both caruncle
and intercaruncle areas.
The clinical activity score (CAS) of GO in clinical practice was based on the clinical score standards of Chinese Guideline for Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Disease, including spontaneous retrobulbar pain, pain with eye movement, eyelid erythema, conjunctival hyperemia, chemosis, swollen lacrimal caruncle
, and swollen eyelid.
The differential diagnosis includes malignancy, condylomas, and urethral caruncle
, the latter can be differentiated by the lack of circumferential urethral involvement.
Its excretory duct, the Submandibular (Wharton's) duct, opens at a small fleshy prominence (the sublingual caruncle
) on each side of the lingual frenulum oil the floor of the oral cavity.