The teeth that are fractured most frequently are the canines and large carnassial
The canines (LM 1-3) were wider and carnassial
were little longer and placed posterior (LM 4).
Agnotherium was, and is, a genus which is difficult to define, because it was erected on the basis of an isolated m1 (Kaup, 1832), and the reconstruction of the upper dentition by Kuss (1962) on the basis of specimens from Frohnstetten, was questioned by Kurten (1976) which caused much confusion by emphasizing that the reduction of the molars, in comparison to the size of the carnassial
was not excessively marked.
The first was extraction of a carnassial
tooth, which had developed a root abscess.
When cat-like predators called felids arrive on their idyllic island, lead by a vicious hunter named Carnassial
, Dusk must guide his companions to safety in a new environment.
A wicked smile revealing sharp, carnassial
teeth made for tearing great chunks out of life, and betraying her formidable desire to succeed.
However, few injuries to canines or carnassial
teeth were reported for wolves; most often, damage occurred to premolars (Kuehn et al.
Finally, Figure 3c compares the Nipisat 1 mandible length and first molar (carnassial
) length with reference specimens (see also Gotfredsen, 1996).
In canids, size regularity was found in all trophic characters measured (skull length, canine diameter, and lower carnassial
length), although patterning was strongest in carnassial
length (Dayan et al.
The gap between the canines and the carnassial
teeth allows the canines to penetrate flesh.
Moreover, the carnassials
, and specially the P4, are so reduced that in species like Ursus maritimus or Ursus thibetanus the protocone of the upper carnassial
is almost completely reduced, in other species such as Ursus spelaeus this character is not so evident.
The lower carnassial
(m1) with a residual metaconid; tendency toward shortening of the talonid and elongation of the trigonid.
The fourth upper premolar and the first lower molar are known as the carnassial
Skull measurements (mm) following Young and Jackson (1951) are: condylobasal length, 191.2; palatal length, 99.0; squamosal constriction, 63.4; zygomatic breadth, 108.0; interorbital breadth, 31.9; length of maxillary toothrow, 84.1; upper carnassial
length, 19.3; length of first upper molar, 13.8; first upper molar breadth, 17.2; length of lower carnassial