In five paper they published between November 2015 and November (2016, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) they showed the improvement from resection of a tracheal mass with three-port-VATS under non-intubated anesthesia, (12) followed by VATS with carinal
reconstruction (13) and finally in single port VATS for tracheal resection in a spontaneous breathing patient.
Moreover, the median dorsal plate has a massive keel and carinal
Anaesthetic management of carinal
resection and reconstruction-a case report.
Early on, the arms are composed of three carinal
plates (at the middle portion of the abactinal side), one terminal plate (at the end), and two supermarginal plates on both lateral sides (Fig.
Bifurcation core is defined as the central part of the bifurcation which begins where the common vessel starts to split into two branches and ends at the carinal
point, [sup] which area was calculated by the Qangio XA software.
Tergum with carinal
margin protuberant in upper half to third, spurlength a tenth shorter than width, distance from basiscutal angle less than own width (Gordon, 1970, Biccard, 2012), the classification of this species as follows:
Computed tomography (CT) of the thorax (figure 2) revealed increased interstitial reticulonodular density on the posterior segment of the upper lobe of the right lung and conglomerated LAPs in the pretracheal, prevascular, retrocaval, aortic pulmonary window, carinal
, subcarinal, and hilar areas.
Numerous color photographs illustrate video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy, dissection of veins and arteries, segmentectomy in different regions, removal of an anatomic lobe of the lung, and carinal
carinata los tiene con superficie lisa y una giba prominente cercana al ala dorsal (carinal
), esta de hasta 1 cm de alto.
In addition, new surgical methods, such as sleeve resection, carinal
resection, and end-to-end anastomosis, are also being performed nowadays [57, 58].
2B), calcified-noncalcified lymph nodes of pathological size were detected in bilateral axillary, paratracheal, perivascular, carinal
, subcarinal, bilateral hilar and paracardiac regions.
In this case series, only two patients had metallic stents; one patient (Patient 12, Figure 2) was deemed to have too high an anaesthetic risk and hence had a metallic stent deployed via a flexible bronchoscope, performed in the ICU, while the other patient (Patient 7, Figure 3) had a very critical stenosis at the carinal
area where a silicone stent could not be deployed.
canals are not continuous through the nodes (Gifford & Foster, 1989), which likely increases resistance to water flow.
The descriptive values (average, standard deviation and range) of the carino-rostral length and carinal
height were established in a sample of 100 specimens.
The following biometric variables of each specimen were measured: RC length (maximum distance across the capitulum between the ends of the rostral and carinal