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  • noun

Synonyms for caries

soft decayed area in a tooth

References in periodicals archive ?
Additionally small-scale recent cross-sectional studies conducted in selected cities in Pakistan have also reported a considerably high caries prevalence of between 40-71% among 12-year-old children.5,6 Nevertheless their caries experience in terms of the mean Decayed Missing Filled Teeth (DMFT) score has improved from 2.1 in 1979 to 1.38 in 2003.4, 7 The conventional method employed globally to detect caries in epidemiological surveys is the WHO method.8 Likewise in Pakistan, the WHO method is commonly used.
This treatment philosophy may impose a tremendous financial burden, especially in a developing country such as Pakistan; hence it may be more sensible to identify and record early enamel caries, which are mostly non-cavitated, as they can be treated via cheaper preventive measures to prevent further progression.
There have been reports on the knowledge and attitudes of the intermediate and high school teachers towards prevention9 but there are few published reports on dental caries prevalence and on the knowledge, attitude and practices of school teachers in Northwest areas of Pakistan.
Thus, this study was designed to assess the frequency of dental caries among school children and to determine oral hygiene habits and knowledge of school teachers.
Several studies were conducted to establish associations between the prevalence and experience of dental caries and a particular risk factor.
However, the Bayesian network modeling was applied only in a limited number of studies on dental caries [5-10].
Iron deficiency anemia is usually diagnosed by abnormally low haemoglobin (hgb value under 11 g/dL 5 years of age), hematocrit value(Hct <34% <5 years of age and Hct <35% >5 years of age), as well as Mean corpuscular cell volume value (MCV <73 u <5 years of age and MCV <75 u >5years of age) as biochemical indicators.[4]Similarly, severe early childhood dental caries could be a complex disease and also various risk factors (biological, psychosocial and behavioral) will contribute to the current disease.
Three main risk factors for early childhood caries are, Microbiological risk factors Dietary risk factors Environmental risk factors
Therefore, it becomes essential to collect the data on prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs to determine the course of action for preventive care.
* Ideal caries detection method should capture the whole caries progress, from the earliest stage to the cavitation stage,
Different methods are described for caries removal, including rotary burs, hand instrument action, air abrasion, ultrasonic techniques, enzymes treatment, chemomechanical techniques and laser treatment (19).
Methods: Subjects' caries risk was assessed using the Cariogram programme.