cardiac tamponade

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  • noun

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mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion

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References in periodicals archive ?
The pathologic basis for development of pericardial efusion and cardiac tamponade in IMH patients is not completely understood.
It is frequently a result of the cardiac complications (myocardial contusion, atrial rupture, cardiac tamponade, etc.) after blunt chest trauma (1).
Contemporary evaluation of the causes of cardiac tamponade: Acute and long-term outcomes.
Spontaneous rupture of a right atrial angiosarcoma and cardiac tamponade. Arq Bras Cardiol 2003;81:611-3, 608-10.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Jan 5 (ANI): Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency in which blood or fluids fill the space between the sac that covers the heart and the heart muscle.
He was transferred to the coronary care unit for monitoring but did not show any clinical signs of cardiac tamponade. Treatment options were discussed with the patient, who opted for palliative care measures and a transfer to hospice care.
A 10-year-old girl, with newly diagnosed SLE, presented with cardiac tamponade. Two children who were diagnosed with pericarditis of undetermined inflammatory etiology were treated with steroids including a child with sickle cell disease with elevated antinuclear antibodies and another with recurrent pericarditis.
We now know that the hypotension, muffled heart sounds, and jugular venous distention were part of the Beck's triad of cardiac tamponade. The lactic acidosis, acute kidney injury, and elevated liver enzymes were likely the result of tissue hypoperfusion from hypotension while the leucocytosis was likely reactive.
We present a case of influenza B infection in a previously healthy 57-yearold woman presenting with cardiac tamponade with rapid progression to refractory shock and death despite aggressive resuscitative measures.
Bainey, "Influenza H1N1 infection leading to cardiac tamponade in a previously healthy patient: A case report," Research in Cardiovascular Medicine, vol.
A 2D echocardiogram revealed cardiac tamponade with right ventricular diastolic collapse, with a large fibrinous exudative pericardial effusion (Figure 2).
It is often a clinical emergency as these patients commonly present with heart failure, cardiac tamponade, or arrhythmia [3].
It can lead to the catastrophic complication of cardiac tamponade, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality [1, 2].
Our patient was very unusual because cardiac tamponade as a result of lupus-induced pericarditis was her initial presenting symptom of lupus and because her disease remained refractory and even progressed to myocarditis, resulting in severe mitral regurgitation and cardiomyopathy.