cardiac tamponade

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  • noun

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mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion

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References in periodicals archive ?
Abnormal septal motion in cardiac tamponade with pulsus paradoxus: Echocardiographic and hemodynamic observations.
Postoperative complications (presence or absence) included arrhythmias, cardiac arrest, hemorrhage, valvular leak, cardiac tamponade, delirium, cerebral vascular accident, infection, reoperations, or inability to be weaned off the ventilator.
An urgent echocardiogram showed a large effusion surrounding the heart with early diastolic collapse of the right ventricular free wall, suggestive of cardiac tamponade.
Q-wave MIs occurred in 7% of patients, cardiac tamponade in 11%, arrhythmias in 23%, and in-hospital mortality in 12%.
One case each of lung cancer, congestive heart failure, cardiac tamponade, and two cases of pneumonia were reported among patients treated with golimumab, without regard to causality.
However, this situation is associated with several serious complications, including pneumothorax,(10) cardiac tamponade and tension pneumomediastinum, (12) air embolism, (13) and mediastinitis and neck abscess (table 2).
Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography revealed cardiac tamponade.
However, if the effusion develops quickly and causes cardiac compression, the condition known as cardiac tamponade can become immediately life-threatening (McCance & Huether, 2006).
Repeat electrocardiogram showed no signs of electrical alternans but, due to suspicion for cardiac tamponade, the patient urgently underwent right heart catheterization, which revealed equalization of intracardiac pressures (Table) and blunting of the descent on right atrial tracings (Figure 3).
where they failed to diagnose and treat cardiac tamponade (bleeding into the chest) in their patient who underwent cardiac bypass surgery on November 17, 2004.
Four cases of cardiac tamponade have been reported two to 24 hours after central venous catheterisation in patients subjected to major orthopaedic surgery (24) where the catheter tip had been either maintained in the atrium (in one patient) or repositioned into the SCV (in two patients) after initial chest X-ray control.
Cardiac tamponade secondary to intrapericardial rupture of a hepatic amoebic abscess.
The isolated fistula becomes more tolerable after the treatment of cardiac tamponade and repair of damaged cardiac tissue with an emergent surgery (9).
There have also been reports, including fatalities, of cardiac tamponade, cerebral edema, acute respiratory failure and GI perforation.
In particular, I found the case presentation on Cardiac Tamponade thorough and understandable-the Echo images are some of the best illustrations I have seen of this condition.