578) tension gradient were correlated with the cardiac index
but not the respective venous oxygen saturation.
End-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction, Left Ventricular Internal Dimensions in systole (LVIDs), Left Ventricular Internal Dimensions in diastole (LVIDd), fraction shortening (FS) of internal diameter, Interventricular Septum Thickness (IVST), Left Ventricular Posterior wall diameter (LVP wed), cardiac output and cardiac index
PPV: pulse pressure variation; SVV: stroke volume variation; SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure; MAP: mean blood pressure; HR: heart rate; CVP: central venous pressure; SV: stroke volume; CI: cardiac index
; DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure; CI: cardiac index
Table 1--The means and standard deviations of the cardiac index
Moreover, it has been demonstrated by clinical trials comparing unilateral spinal anaesthesia with conventional bilateral spinal block that cardiac index
values are much more stable during the former than during the latter, with a small reduction in arterial blood pressure and heart rate26 and a much lower incidence of clinically relevant hypotension (5% vs 20%)27.
There was also a tendency toward an increase in minute volume (MV) and cardiac index
(CI), which was most likely due to the compensatory intensification of blood circulation.
A stunning one in three of the participants met the medical definition for low cardiac index
measures the amount of blood that leaves the heart and is pumped through the body.
And patients in both active treatment groups showed significant reductions in pulmonary vascular resistance as well as significant increases in the cardiac index
, compared with those in the placebo group.
Including individual pump parameters ie RPM, cardiac index
Calculated methods of estimation of central and peripheral hemodynamics according to standard formulas (stroke output (SO)), cardiac index
(CI), cardiac output (CO), general peripheral vascular resistance (GPVR), discharge fraction (DF) were conducted.
Plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) by Cockroft-Gault (CG) and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study formulas, echocardiographic measures of left and right ventricles (LV, RV) and non-invasive measurement of cardiac index
(CI) by echocardiegraphy and impedance cardiography were assessed.
6] According to this review, advantages of sPCNL over prone PCNL included a greater cardiac index
, decreased risk of colon injury during lower pole access, decreased radiation exposure to surgeon, improved spontaneous stone drainage through sheath and shorter OR time.
The following hemodynamic parameters were estimated: heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index
(CI), stroke index (SI) and total peripheral resistance (TPR).
The observation that nearly a third of the entire sample has low cardiac index
and that lower cardiac index
is related to smaller brain volume is concerning and requires further study.