are neuroendocrine tumors arising from neuroendocrine Kulchitsky cells, located in the bronchial epithelium.
In conclusion, the degree of uptake and different uptake patterns on [[sup.18]F]FDG and [sup.68]Ga-SST-analogues PET or PET/CT may be helpful in differentiating between typical and atypical carcinoids
. [sup.68]Ga-SST-analogues PET/CT may be useful also to stage disease in lung cancer and to select patients for the best treatment option, including PRRT.
Hattori et al., "Long-term follow up ofpatients with multiple gastric carcinoids
associated with type A gastritis," Gastric Cancer, vol.
(TC) comprise 1-2% and Atypical Carcinoid
(AC) comprise 0.1-0.2% of all pulmonary tumors, whereas small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (LCNECs) make up 20% and 1.6-3%, respectively
46 Mesenteric metastases are common with small bowel carcinoids
and appear as spiculated/well-defined on CT.
Diagnostic, surgical and medical aspect of the midgut carcinoids
. Cancer Treat Rev.
Goblet cell carcinoids
do not form distinctive tumoral tissue; therefore, surgical resection borders in the appendectomy specimen should be examined microscopically in detail.
Interobserver variability for the WHO classification of pulmonary carcinoids
. Am J Surg Pathol.
Co-existence of idiopathic cecal ulcer and incidental appendix carcinoid
Oliaro et al., "Long-term survival of atypical bronchial carcinoids
with liver metastases, treated with octreotide," European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, vol.
In a gross appearance, testicular carcinoids
have been found to measure between 1 and 9.5 cm and are solid, lobulated with yellow to dark-tan and may or may not have calcifications .
Ruffini et al., "Outcome and prognostic factors in bronchial carcinoids
: a single-center experience," Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol.
De Vries, "Diagnostic, surgical and medical aspect of the midgut carcinoids
," Cancer Treatment Reviews, vol.
Grimelius, "Gastric carcinoids
: Biologic behavior and prognosis after differentiated treatment in relation to type," Annals of Surgery, vol.
Jianu et al., "Treatment of gastric carcinoids
type 1 with the gastrin receptor antagonist netazepide (YF476) results in regression of tumours and normalisation of serum chromogranin A," Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol.