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2] into carboxylation sites and/or decreased the enzymatic activities associated with photosynthetic carbon metabolism, a common effect in plants grown under saline conditions (Chaves et al.
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum: Reduced gamma-glutamyl carboxylation of matrix gla protein in a mouse model (Abcc6–/–).
In addition, the E18 residue showed PTM sites for proteolytic cleavage, carboxylation and ADP-ribosylation.
Under water shortage conditions, intercropping increased the IWUE of castor bean in relation to monocropping, due mainly to an increase in A and the consequent increase in carboxylation efficiency and maintenance of transpiration rates, as shown by the significant correlation between these variables (R = 0.
Regarding carboxylation efficiency (Figure 5 d-f), a smiliar behave to liquid photosynthetic net was observed, and the reduction in A/Ci ratio is probably due to damage in the biochesmistry reactions of photosynthesis.
Active vitamin K activates inactive coagulation factors (factor II, VII, XI, and X) through carboxylation.
It may pass through the hydrolysis of peptide linkage, carboxylation, hydroxylation or protein crosslinking.
This will allow us to derive the first detailed catalytic framework for highly efficient CO2-fixation and enable us to engineer novel carboxylation reactions and products.
We fitted the A versus internal carbon concentration (C) data following Ethier and Livingston (2004) version of Farquhar's model (Farquhar, von Caemmerer, & Berry, 1980) to extract different leaf biochemical parameters: maximum rate of carboxylation ([V.
Many studies have used stomatal conductance as a reference parameter which explain the gradual response to water stress which first acts as a partial closure leading to a metabolic adjustment through limited generation of ribulose-l, 5-bisphosphate (RuBP) and thereafter as the drought stress progressed, the closure of stomatal leads to reduced photochemistry and then carboxylation efficiency (Rennenberg et al.
26] Disruption of the glycocalyx therefore causes capillary leakage and predisposes the endothelial cells to oxidative stress-induced disruption, when endothelial cell tight junctions may be damaged by mechanisms such as protein modification, thiol-oxidation, phosphorylation, nitration and carboxylation during sepsis.
This modification is based on a carboxylation mechanism, which intends to add carboxyl groups to the treated fibber.
However, to properly perform its inhibitory function, MGP must be activated by vitamin K2 in a carboxylation reaction.