causes necrosis of cell or tissue which results in leakage of enzymes from affected tissues into blood stream (Obi et al., 2001).
Hepatoprotective activity of Cajanus cajan against carbon tetrachloride
induced liver damage.
on testis against oxidative stress of carbon tetrachloride
Hepatoprotective effect of black garlic in carbon tetrachloride
, D-galactosamine, and high fat diet treated rodents was demonstrated in previous report .
N: normal, C[Cl.sub.4]: carbon tetrachloride
, NAC:N-acetylcysteine 150 mg/kg body weight/day, and T50, T100, and T150: Proliverenol 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg body weight/day.
Solvent Polarity Absorption Absorbance Emission index peak maxima peaks (nm) Ethanol 5.2 220 nm Strong 432.3 260 nm Shoulder DMF 6.4 212 nm Weak 425.2 276 nm Strong DMSO 7.2 272 nm Strong 430 665 Dioxane 4.8 284 nm Strong 612 Acetonitrile 5.8 228 nm Strong 612 260 nm Shoulder 248 nm Strong 431 Chloroform 4.1 260 nm Week 617 332 nm Week Carbon Tetrachloride
1.6 272 nm Strong 603 Benzene 2.7 284 nm Strong -- Hexane 0 244 nm Strong 402 429 Solvent Corresponding intensity Ethanol 18,629 DMF 6248 DMSO 63,380 1434 Dioxane 21,464 Acetonitrile 1508 248.20 Chloroform 131.118 Carbon Tetrachloride
1027 Benzene -- Hexane 358 248 Table 2: Relation between solvent, etching no.
Effects of kefir on (a) liver weights and (b) total body weights of mice treated with carbon tetrachloride
(CCL4) after 4 weeks.
Abbreviations TCM: Traditional Chinese medicine TGP: Total glucosides of paeony ALI: Acute liver injury CCL4: Carbon tetrachloride
ALT: Alanine aminotransferase AST: Aspartate aminotransferase PCA: Principal component analysis PLS-DA: Partial least-squares discrimination analysis VIP: Variable Importance in the Projection HCC: Hepatocellular carcinoma LPO: Lipid peroxidation [H.sub.2][O.sub.2]: Hydrogen peroxide AA: Adjuvant arthritis UPLC-MS: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry RA: Rheumatoid arthritis SLE: Systemic lupus erythematosus H&E: Hematoxylin and eosin staining.
As expected, all parameters were significantly (p < 0.050) affected in the carbon tetrachloride
group compared with both the control and supplemented groups: AST = 954 [+ or -] 23.6 U/L; GGT = 9.91 [+ or -] 0.78, ALP = 223 [+ or -] 7.60 U/L; ALT = 833 [+ or -] 13.2; bilirubin 1.22 [+ or -] 0.28 [[micro]mol/L]; indirect bilirubin 1.02 [+ or -] 0.18 [[micro]mol/L]; albumin 4.86 [+ or -] 0.34 [g/dL]; urea 108 [+ or -] 8.33 [mg/dL].
(CC[I.sub.4]) easily metabolizes in the active trichloromethyl radical (CC[I.sub.3]) and initiates a cascade of radical reaction initiators.
A Ethylene glycol B Carbon tetrachloride
C Sodium hydroxide D Hydrogen peroxide QUESTION 15 - for 15 points: In which of Shakespeare's plays does Polixenes, King of Bohemia, appear?
The most prominent of these programs were chlorofluorocarbons (CFC), carbon tetrachloride
(CTC), Halons, methyl bromide and phasing out of CFCs from Metered Dose Inhalers (MDIs).
Study design/methods: Ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) was used to investigate the potential roles of AMPK in carbon tetrachloride
In animal studies, ginger has protected kidneys against injury from numerous insults, including ischemia/reperfusion, alcohol, streptozotocin, and carbon tetrachloride
. Ginger has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties.
This tissue is also a main target that is subject to acute or chronic injury induced by a variety of drugs or xenobiotics, such as alcohol, heavy metals, and carbon tetrachloride