1992) Fishery, biology and stock assessment of carangid
resources from the Indian seas.
The coast of Pakistan is home to forty two carangid
species, which are pelagic schooling fishes, mainly caught close to shore and are widely distributed throughout the Western Indian Ocean and Western Pacific, from Japan to Australia and eastward to Fiji (Bianchi, 1985; Nelson, 2006).
Record of the bigeye trevally, Caranx sexfasciatus, and Mexican lookdown, Selene brevoorti, with notes on other carangids
5mm/day, a rate well within the range reported in other carangids
Species that frequent the area include surgeonfish, triggerfish (Balistidae), small carangids
, porcupinefish, sea chubs, goatfish, parrotfish and puffers.
The most abundant genera of medium-sized fish belong to the scombrid family (Scombridae), the mackerel (Scomber) and the Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus), or to the carangid
family (Carangidae), such as the saurel (Trachurus) and jacks or kingfish (Seriola).
Key components of the pelagic food-web in temperate and tropical seas -- clupeids, carangids
, scombrids and their predators, the oceanic sharks -- are absent or rare vagrants on the periphery of the Southern Ocean.
For instance, some carangids
can consume large numbers of demersal juveniles that use shallow nurseries, but these predators may feed only sporadically in shallow waters, in a manner similar to their transient feeding on coral reefs (Hixon & Carr, 1997).
The contribution of Megalaspis among carangids
Rao KS, Girijavallabhan KG (1973) On the eggs and larvae of an engraulid and two Carangids
from Madras plankton.
For example, the species richness of carnivorous and piscivorous serranids (Bahia Honda: 10 species, Playa Blanca: 3), carangids
(BH: 11, PB: 4) and lutjanids (BH: 8, PB: 5) were greater in Bahia Honda compared to Playa Blanca.
1997) who reported that some mid-water pelagic fishes, such as carangids
and scombrids, were transient members of the AR fish assemblages.
Along with large coastal sharks many other fish such as serranids, carangids
, and other elasmobranchs are also caught and are either retained or discarded at sea.
Six species of carangids
were captured, but only O.
At family level clupeoids are still the most important prey item followed by carangids
, but a number of fish families do not appear in 2003/2004 while mugilids were absent in 1986.