School formation and concurrent developmental changes in carangid fish
with reference to dietary conditions.
Hunter and Mitchell (1967) reported six species of carangid fish juveniles associated with flotsam offshore Costa Rica, and their smallest sizes (given as standard lengths) were as follows: Caranx caballus: 9 mm; C.
The association behavior of carangid fishes has been used by fishermen in Asia.
Population characteristics and biological reference point estimates for two carangid fishes
Megalaspis cordyla and Scomberoides tol in the northern Arabian Sea, coast of Pakistan.
commerson fed on carangid fishes
(Decapterus), scombrids (Rastrelliger) and barracuda (Sphyraena) (Bachok et al.
Early development of five carangid fishes
of the Gulf of Mexico and the South Atlantic Coast of the United States.
Supraneural and pterygiophore insertion patterns in carangid fishes
, with description of a new Eocene carangid tribe, [dagger]Paratrachinotini, and a survey of anterior anal-fin pterygiophore insertion patterns in Acanthomorpha.
The nocturnal migration is a common adaptation considered for the feeding purpose among carangid fishes
. The carangids mainly exhibits higher rate of feeding during the night which is attributable to their nocturnal migrations to the sea surface.
Aside from field studies of the behavior of wild larvae in vertical distribution (e.g., Ahlstrom, 1959; Olivar and Sabates, 1997; Flores-Coto, et al., 2001), behavior has been studied in the early-life history stages of only a few carangid fishes
. There has been extensive research on cannibalism, aggressive interactions, and schooling behaviour by using reared larvae and juveniles of Japanese amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata) and white trevally (Pseudocaranx dentex) in the laboratory (e.g., Masuda and Tsukamoto 1996, 1998, 1999; Sakakura and Tsukamoto 1996, 1999).
Reproductive biology of two Hawaiian pelagic carangid fishes
, the bigeye scad, Selar crumenophthalmus, and the round scad, Decapturus macarellus.