capsid


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  • noun

Synonyms for capsid

the outer covering of protein surrounding the nucleic acid of a virus

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References in periodicals archive ?
Weed control is another way to help event the spread of capsid bugs, which may use eeds as host plants over winter.
GS-6207 acts in a novel way compared with currently available antiretroviral agents by interrupting the activity of HIV capsid, a protein that surrounds and protects the virus' genetic material and essential enzymes.
Our findings agree with a previous phylogenetic analysis, which showed that the capsid of GII.P16-GII.2 was closely related to earlier GII.2 strains, when it was speculated that its recent emergence may be attributable to high replication efficiency (6).
The topics include emerging and re-emerging enterically transmitted hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis A virus codon usage: implications for translation kinetics and capsid folding, nonhuman primate models of Hepatitis A and Hepatitis E infections, the transmission and epidemiology of Hepatitis E virus genotype three and four infections, innate and adaptive immunity, and immunization.
To their surprise, when the cells made the Arc protein, it clumped together into a form that resembled a viral capsid, the shell that contains a virus' genetic information.
Researchers from the Imperial College in London have developed the molecule that targets protein called N-myristoyltransferase(NMT) which cold viruses need to build a protein 'shell', or capsid, which protects the virus genome.
An accompanying paper in the same issue of Cell shows that a version of Arc found in flies also looks and acts like a viral capsid. Vivian Budnik's lab at the University of Massachusetts shows that fly Arc transports RNA from neurons to muscles to control movement.
This rapidly progressive liver injury is believed to be attributed to a sudden strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to the presence of HBV, enhanced viral replication, and/or retention of viral capsid in HBV-infected hepatocytes [2, 3].
"We have to have a sense of these short-lived molecular fluctuations and processes - of protein cleavage and capsid generation.
For example, parvoviruses have viral capsids containing one or two major proteins are simple while viral capsids of picornaviruses are complex and these complex viral capsids showed diversity in protein layers which are encoded by many different mRNAs or viral capsid of picornaviruses is from a single polyprotein.
During the course of infection, HIV fuses onto a target immune cell and delivers its capsid, a cone that holds the genetic material of the virus, into the cell's cytoplasm.
The viral DNA is contained within an icosahedral capsid that measures 45 nm-55 nm.
Although new drugs to prevent cccDNA formation and HBV life cycle events such as capsid assembly and HBeAg expression may further improve outcomes, they still may not be curative without better host defenses.
The transmission electron microscopy of a crust showed multiple typical orf viral particles, which were enveloped with a brick-shaped morphology and consisted of a central DNA-containing core surrounded by a bilayered capsid [Figure 1]c-g.